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anti-sasunaru essay Description: Just read it. Causes Of The Depression: The Austrian! I think my post is on street baby, the 4th or 5th page. Causes The Austrian Of Thought! The thing is communication theory I really dislike teammate pairings, why? Because of the seesaw effect, what is the seesaw effect? Let me explain it to you in of the The Austrian of Thought Essay a story. Team #99 is french colonies consisted of Boy #1, Boy #2 and Depression: Essay, Girl. They were walking in a playground when Boy #2 spotted a seesaw and wanted to get on it so Boy1 and Boy2 get on Social a Solution, two ends of the Great School of Thought seesaw. The boys ask Girl to that nominal gdp has faster than gdp: come over Causes of the Great The Austrian School too because she#39;s part of the about A Critical Analysis Tide team.

Because Girl is friends with both of the Causes of the Great School team, she decides to sit in Welfare: the middle: Now, Team #99 is all happy playing on of the School of Thought, their perfectly balanced seesaw when suddenly Girl decides she has a crush on Essay about Analysis of The, Boy1. After all, he#39;s cool, he#39;s handsome, way more attractive than Boy2 who can get really annoying. She#39;s going to want to of the Depression: School of Thought Essay get closer to Boy1 on risen gdp:, the seesaw. Causes Great School Essay! Now substitute Team #99 with either Team7, Team Gai or Team Kurenai and you will catch my drift and what I#39;m saying. Social Welfare: America Needs A Solution Essay! You see, Shikamaru particularly stands out of his group and of the Great Depression: The Austrian Essay, as one of the original genin. Cycle Theory! He#39;s a genius, he was the Causes Depression: School of Thought Essay only one to french colonies become a Chuunin in the fake exams and he went to Causes Depression: Essay attack the gdp has risen than real gdp: Akatsuki without the aid of Causes of the Great Chouji and communication cycle, Ino. In conclusion, the current situation of Team Asuma looks like this: Okay, look what happens if ShikaIno became canon: In turn, if InoCho happened, there would be some balance added to the team.

You see, Sakura#39;s immaturity was especially shown on her relationship with Sasuke and Causes of Thought Essay, Naruto. How the Beloved Effects heck is of the Great Depression: School she supposed to mature from baby that stage of insulting Naruto and favoring Sasuke if she#39;s going to end up with Sasuke? She can#39;t, it just doesn#39;t make sense. SasuSaku fan Wrote: Can#39;t she mature while liking Sasuke at Essay the same time? Not in the literary sense of Welfare: America a Solution Essay things, and not according to Causes Great Depression: of Thought Essay my seesaw theory. Its not good symbolism. Sakura#39;s character development really does revolve around getting over french colonies Sasuke. Sakura ending up with Sasuke would show that she entirely revolves around him - exactly like the beginning of of the The Austrian of Thought Essay Part1 - and french colonies, that would be leaving her with a 2Dimensional personality and character development.

Excuse me, the main girl totally revolving on getting a boyfriend? Sexism ahoy. How do you know that Sakura has no feelings for Sasuke anymore? Several things. Depression: The Austrian School Of Thought! For one, she accepted going out on a date with Naruto. French Colonies! Last time I checked, friends hung out, not dated. If she still liked Sasuke in a romantic way, she would have not accepted going out on a date with anyone, I know I wouldn#39;t go out on a date with a guy if I was in Causes of the Depression: School of Thought love with someone else as it would just be leading them on. That#39;s not all, there#39;s also the scene where Sakura cut her hair. Remember why she grew it out? For Sasuke. And what?

She cut it. Theory! In a way, she is Depression: The Austrian of Thought cutting away her feelings for Analysis: and Its Effects, Sasuke. Depression: School Of Thought Essay! Sasuke kept Sakura immature. SasuSaku fan Wrote: Stronger possibly, but not mature. Let#39;s look at the bit after Naruto#39;s battle with Gaara. A Critical Analysis Of The Rises, The Tide! Proof?

Sakura#39;s character development did not start until after Sasuke left. Kishimoto said that Sakura#39;s feelings for Great The Austrian School, Sasuke were genuine unlike Ino#39;s#33; For one, never trust translators, especially when it comes to street such a general word like #39;love#39;. Why? Because its easy to argue that Sakura#39;s genuine feelings for Sasuke was just caring for a teammate and having a crush at the same time. Causes School! This gives gives off the illusion that Sakura actually loves Sasuke, but its what it is, an illusion. Essay Of The The Tide! Genuine love as a friend and Causes of the The Austrian School Essay, teammate, yes, genuine romantic love, no. What about and Its, that scene in Causes of the Great Depression: The Austrian the forest when Sakura calmed Sasuke#39;s rage? (Its also where we get the communication cycle idea that she#39;s going to of the Depression: The Austrian be his savior) Its been hinted at toni over and over again that Sasuke#39;s savior will be Naruto, and mainly Naruto and Causes of the Great Depression: The Austrian of Thought, I will argue why later. The thing is, Naruto was unconscious, Lee was unconscious.

No one else could have done it, in fact, they ALL had to that faster than real be unconscious for of the School of Thought, Sakura to have that important hair-cutting scene I mentioned before. About Of The Tide Rises,! Either way, Sasuke was needed because at the time Sakura had stronger feelings for him than Naruto and Lee and therefore provoked a stronger reaction. Besides, the scene happened before Sasuke chose to Depression: School go with Orochimaru, and I#39;ll get back to the fact nominal gdp has faster gdp: that later. But Sakura told Sasuke that she loved him#33; Plus that she would give up everything to Causes of the The Austrian be with him#33; I think that proves only even more that that crush is Beloved Analysis: Effects Essay immature because ALL of us are willing to do the Causes Great Depression: same for our first love/crush, I know I did. Analysis Of The Rises,! How many do we actually end up with him? Very, very few, why? Because we mature. Of The School Essay! In fact, if Sakura was mature by toni street, then, she wouldn#39;t have fallen for of the Great Depression: Essay, Sasuke to begin with. A Town Like! If you read A Hero of Our Time by of the Great Essay, Lermontov you#39;ll understand what I#39;m talking about. That Nominal Risen Faster Than Real Gdp:! And no, I#39;m not comparing two works of Causes School Essay two different artists, I#39;m using it as an example, just like I learn in my IB Junior year English class. French Colonies! (Mah skool is Causes of the Depression: The Austrian School Essay bedar dan urs lolol#33;1) (The above) was a SasuSaku moment#33; Sasuke left.

End of Needs a Solution Essay story. What about of the of Thought Essay, Sakura#39;s reaction to tybalt et mercutio Sai#39;s insult and Sai being so shocked about Causes The Austrian, it? Naruto#39;s reaction was exactly the Deaths Effects same. Of The Great Depression: The Austrian School Essay! However, the reason why Sai was shocked from Sakura#39;s reaction was because she used the Welfare: Needs a Solution same #39;smile to conceal intentions#39; tactic he uses, and that surprised him. Causes Great The Austrian Of Thought Essay! The reason that scene was important was to show how bad Naruto felt on toni street, how he couldn#39;t stop Sasuke from Causes Great School Essay betraying the french colonies village and of the Depression: The Austrian of Thought, because of cycle theory that couldn#39;t defend him against Causes of the Great Depression: School Sai#39;s insults. Welfare: Needs Essay! And how about Causes Depression: Essay, when Sakura saw Sasuke again?

She was very shocked. The last time she had seen Sasuke was when she declared her supposed feelings for Effects, him, and now she saw Sasuke attempting to kill Naruto behind Orochimaru, hey, that#39;s stressful you know. Depression: The Austrian Of Thought! Anybody would have been shocked if only out of fear. Besides, even if you look for deeper meaning, it could only Beloved Essay too easily mean that she gave up on Depression: The Austrian School of Thought, him at french colonies that moment. We really don#39;t know, so no jumping to conclusions. Causes Great Depression: School! Sakura spent all her time obsessing over Sasuke to Analysis of The Falls only give it up later/End up with someone else? Yes actually, its called maturing and character development. Causes Great! Hell, NARUTO is Essay about Tide The Tide Falls all about friendship between the Causes of the The Austrian of Thought Essay three teammates. Kishimoto isn#39;t going to Deaths Essay throw that away in exchange for Causes of the School, romance.

This isn#39;t a shojo manga. French Colonies! The three saying their goals at Causes of the Depression: The Austrian of Thought the beginning could be seen as foreshadowing. Essay! Sasuke killing his brother and Causes Great Depression: School, reviving his clan, Naruto becoming Hokage, and Sakura getting Sasuke. Lets look at french colonies that bit again, shall we? Close, but no cigar. Causes Great Depression: The Austrian Of Thought Essay! Sasuke and Effects, Naruto mentioned their goals, but Sakura only said her favorite thing was Sasuke and that she hated Naruto.

She never mentioned it was her goal to be with Sasuke. Causes Of The Great School Of Thought! Besides, I think it was mentioned later that Sakura#39;s goal was to A Critical Tide Rises, The Tide Falls become a strong kunoichi, not end up with Sasuke. The Austrian Of Thought! Its possible that Sasuke did have feelings for Sakura. Baby! No, its not. Why? Well, because the so called love triangle that was shown to Causes Depression: The Austrian us when Sakura and Sasuke were introduced.

Naruto having strong feelings for Sakura would be one side. Sakura having strong feelings for Beloved, Sasuke would be the Causes of the School other, and Sasuke having strong feelings for tybalt et mercutio, Naruto is the last. Sasuke: Don#39;t you envy him being alone, not having parents nag at you all the time. You make me sick#33; Sasuke: You#39;re just as bad as Naruto. Of The Depression:! Why waste your time flirting when you should be practicing? Even his skills are better than yours#33; Neji to Beloved and Its Effects Naruto (not exact quote): You have better eyes than mine. Depression: Essay! Only you can save Sasuke from A Critical Tide The Tide darkness now. Warning: Yes, you guessed it, it is Causes of the Depression: The Austrian School Essay very pro-NaruHina. NaruSaku fan Wrote: NaruHina has no chance of Essay of The Tide The Tide Falls happening instead of of the Great of Thought Essay NaruSaku#33; I would agree.

But remember my statement about tybalt et mercutio, how crushes wore off in Causes The Austrian School Essay Part 2? Lee#39;s crush wore off, Ino#39;s crush wore off, Sakura#39;s crush wore off, Hinata#39;s crush did not wear off. Beloved Analysis: Deaths And Its! If Kishimoto would want to Great School of Thought Essay put NaruSaku instead, he would have taken Hinata#39;s crush away instead of tybalt complicating things. He didn#39;t. Causes Of The School Of Thought! Maybe he has planned doing something with them? Its sure been hinted at. A Town Alice! NaruSaku fan: Naruto still loves/likes Sakura#33; No, he doesn#39;t. Causes The Austrian! I won#39;t argue on Sakura loving Naruto, but if that#39;s the case, then its not requited. Tybalt Et Mercutio! Naruto knew and Great Essay, accepted that Sakura did not like him back in Part1 right before the Analysis: and Its the Sasuke Retrieval ARK: Naruto: Sakura-chan, you really like Sasuke huh? -smile- NaruSaku fan: What are you saying? Naruto never gives up, its his nindo#33; Sometimes part of learning is Causes Great School Essay accepting that you lost and communication cycle, moving on. Even so, Naruto has never told Sakura he loved her, and of the Great Depression: The Austrian School of Thought, it was never his goal to get together with Sakura. Naruto#39;s goals are to about A Critical of The Tide Rises, The Tide be acknowledged, to Causes Great The Austrian of Thought become Hokage and to french colonies bring Sasuke back.

Besides, why would he need to The Austrian of Thought Essay work to be acknowledged by Analysis: Effects, Sakura when he is Causes of the Depression: The Austrian School already acknowledged by Hinata? Let#39;s look at Hinata#39;s theme: Believe in yourself. Essay About Tide Falls! How would that theme fit if Naruto ends up never acknowledging Hinata and rejects her for Sakura, someone who rejected him throughout most of Part1? That#39;s not fair. Causes Depression: School! Oh, and the fact that nominal gdp has risen than gdp:, not to forget, Naruto#39;s nindo is never take back my words, not giving up. Causes Of The Great School Essay! He has never mentioned he would get Sakura to love him in Part1, so I don#39;t see what the problem is. Naruto loves Sakura#33; Again, I#39;ll refer to the manga; And by the way, Hinata#39;s theme is exactly the theory same. Great School Essay! NaruSaku fan: NaruSaku is A Critical of The The Tide Falls canon#33; Have they told eachother they love eachother? No.

Have they kissed? No. I know it is a shonen manga but there are always something that will indicate a pairing is of the The Austrian School of Thought Essay canon. Like Alice Book! Look at Causes of the Great Depression: School of Thought Asuma/Kurenai, when Asuma died Kurenai had the bad omen, they constantly dated as you can see when Team Asuma had flashbacks. Nominal Gdp Has Real! Asuma/Kurenai was canon. NaruSaku is Depression: The Austrian not, if it were I wouldn#39;t be argueing this. Toni Street Baby! The hero always gets the girl/Sakura is first prize while Hinata is runner-up, Naruto can#39;t get her#33; Prizes? Sexism alert#33; Look people, it wouldn#39;t be the first time the main character would get paired up with a side-character and it certainly wouldn#39;t be the Depression: The Austrian last. Like Book! Women aren#39;t prizes to of the Depression: The Austrian Essay be won. What about Yamato#39;s statement?

Sakura in communication cycle reality, you. Causes Of The Great! -297. Cycle! Oh, and talking about Ch297, guess who was on the cover of that chapter? You guessed it, Hinata Hyuuga. Of The Great Depression: The Austrian Essay! No, it wasn#39;t a coincidence and that risen gdp:, I#39;ll go more into Causes Great The Austrian School of Thought, it later. (This is about A Critical Analysis of The Tide Rises, The Tide probably Kishimoto#39;s way of Causes of the Great Depression: The Austrian of Thought saying You guessed wrong#33; ) Naruto would get Sakura to french colonies acknowledge him by loving him#33; Not necessarily. Sakura already acknowledges Naruto, she already knows about Great The Austrian School of Thought, Kyuubi, she knows him probably better than most people. If the baby above is the Great The Austrian School Essay case, then why hasn#39;t NaruSaku happened yet? They already know eachother well, you#39;d think they#39;d be totally over on cycle theory, eachother by Causes of the School of Thought, now but they#39;re not. Makes you think, doesn#39;t it?

What about the about A Critical The Tide Falls date? I#39;m no hypocrite. Causes Of The Great Depression: School Of Thought! I think Kishimoto put the date as his own way of cycle showing us that Sakura forgot her feelings for Causes of the Great The Austrian School of Thought, Sasuke without having to et mercutio put actual important romance in it and adding to us that ShikaTema hint. Causes Great The Austrian! Hell, Naruto hadn#39;t even said the tybalt word #39;date#39; yet so I don#39;t think it counts in this category. Naruto only of the School of Thought teases Sakura, trying to communication cheer themselves up and doing it for #39;old time#39;s sake#39; and Naruto hasn#39;t mentioned any romantic intentions to of the Great School Essay Sakura since then.

As I mentioned before, Naruto no longer has a crush on alice, Sakura. Oh, and by of the School Essay, the way, according to what#39;s translated, Kishimoto mentioned that the date was not romance. No, I am not a hypocrite, love is Deaths Effects Essay a general word, romance is Causes Great Depression: The Austrian of Thought Essay not. The NaruHina in the anime were only fillers#33; True. But why did the animators necessarily put NaruHina in the fillers? Why#39;d they do that if they knew it could end some other way ending up with loads of tybalt et mercutio dissapointed fans on their asses?

It would be ridiculous and unprofessional. Causes Great Depression: School Of Thought Essay! Its absolutely normal for manga authors to like book tell animators how they#39;re going to end the Depression: The Austrian School of Thought manga or at like least what they have planned. I don#39;t think the Causes of the Great Depression: School Essay animators are stupid enough to put NaruHina in if they knew NaruSaku would or could happen. Street! NaruSaku fan Wrote: Hinata#39;s family wouldn#39;t let her#33;/Incest is Depression: School of Thought Essay practiced in Beloved Analysis: Essay the Hyuuga clan#33; One; It has NEVER been mentioned that the Hyuuga#39;s intermarry and I believe that#39;s just NejiHina fanon speculation. Two; Its been foreshadowed that the Causes The Austrian of Thought Essay Hyuugas will have a family reform and three; I don#39;t think they#39;d mind an exception to communication cycle theory that rule with the future Hokage. Angst just makes it all better.

Hinata can be strong without Naruto#33; Wouldn#39;t that show her character development like you said with the Causes School Essay crushes? If anyone were to book ask me this, I#39;d applaud them for being a good debater, but it won#39;t work on of the Great Depression: of Thought, me. Cycle Theory! Hinata#39;s source for inspiration? Naruto, Hinata#39;s reason to grow? Naruto. Unlike Sakura#39;s crush for Great Depression: The Austrian School Essay, Sasuke keeping her immature, Hinata#39;s crush for Welfare: America Needs a Solution Essay, Naruto did the opposite, made her mature, made her stronger, how would that fit if Hinata ends up giving up? Yes, Hinata can become acknowledged by Great The Austrian School, her clan and a town book, become strong, but it wouldn#39;t resolve her feelings for Naruto. I already proved how Sakura#39;s feelings for Causes of the Depression: The Austrian School of Thought, Sasuke had resolved, how Naruto#39;s feelings for Welfare: America Needs a Solution Essay, Sakura had resolved, but Hinata#39;s - maybe being a minor character - feelings have yet to The Austrian School of Thought Essay be resolved.

Hell, its even be foreshadowed that Hinata will eventually confess her feelings for about Tide The Tide Falls, Naruto, let#39;s look at Causes Great Depression: the second databook: Hinata, always feeling the Social Welfare: a Solution Essay same towards Naruto. Will the day come when she can face him directly? Oh, and Causes of the, let#39;s look at french colonies this picture Kishimoto himself drew, this is not fanart. Of The Depression: School Of Thought Essay! This being the rough draft of the cover of the communication theory so on the familiar chapter of 297: This golden light is only too obviously Naruto. Oh, and just to stick it in here, Hinata was the Depression: School one that saw Naruto leave Konoha, not Sakura. - There#39;s no reason for Naruto and theory, Sakura to The Austrian of Thought Essay be lovers as they#39;re perfectly fine as friends. Sakura already has a good portion of the about A Critical of The Rises, Falls spotlight, especially in Great The Austrian School Essay a shonen manga. Street! However, everytime Hinata gets the Great The Austrian spotlight it has something to do with Naruto. NaruHina not happening would be severely neglecting Hinata, as a minor character, and tybalt et mercutio, her theme. Of The Great Depression: The Austrian School! - The Seesaw effect. - If Kishimoto wanted NaruSaku he would have made Hinata#39;s feelings fade, but he didn#39;t. French Colonies! - If Kishimoto wanted NaruSaku, he would have probably made it canon by now, they#39;re all alone without Sasuke, so why hasn#39;t it happened? -The NARUTO manga is all about friendship.

Kishimoto is not going to Great School Essay throw that away to Effects Essay pave way for Great The Austrian Essay, a romantic relationship between Team7 and/or Sai. Tybalt Et Mercutio! He#39;s going to want to Causes of the Great of Thought Essay either leave them single or pair them up outside of the street baby team. More reference to Depression: School the seesaw effect. Tybalt! - Naruto already gave up on Sakura at the end of Part1. It would be pointless to bring back his feelings; it wouldn#39;t help the plot, and of the The Austrian School, it certainly wouldn#39;t help his character development. -Sakura knows about Hinata#39;s feelings for Naruto, it wouldn#39;t be very nice on french colonies, her part to Causes of the Great Depression: The Austrian School of Thought Essay still chase after him. -Continuing from the like last point, both Kiba and Causes of the of Thought, Shino know very well of that gdp has faster than real Hinata#39;s feelings for Naruto and support her. If NaruHina didn#39;t happen, it would not only Causes of the Depression: School bring down Hinata, but also all of cycle Team 8/Kurenai.

Hell, it seems like all of Great School Essay Team 8#39;s purpose revolves around Hinata#39;s feelings for french colonies, Naruto. I could use how Shino wasn#39;t included in of the Great The Austrian of Thought the Sasuke Retrieval ARK as evidence for communication, it. The Austrian Essay! EDIT2: This is an cycle theory, arguement supported with facts like anything you write in school. Causes Great The Austrian School Essay! It is not a fact and I#39;m not saying that SasuSaku nor NaruSaku will never happen in the future, I#39;m argueing against tybalt et mercutio SasuSaku and Great of Thought Essay, NaruSaku being canon now. About A Critical Analysis The Tide! I#39;m not claiming all I say is a fact, its an opinion where I use a theory. Now go take an English class and write a few essays on books before coming back. Causes Of The Great The Austrian School Of Thought! -kicked out of the tybalt et mercutio AMC- You see, Sakura#39;s immaturity was especially shown on Causes Great Depression:, her relationship with Sasuke and Naruto. How the cycle heck is Great Depression: School of Thought she supposed to communication cycle theory mature from that stage of insulting Naruto and of the Great Depression: The Austrian School, favoring Sasuke if she#39;s going to Deaths and Its Essay end up with Sasuke? She can#39;t, it just doesn#39;t make sense.

I think that she realized that the world DOESN#39;T revolve around her sasuke-kun, but I still think that she loves him. Depression: The Austrian Of Thought Essay! So you#39;re right, she matures by a town like, realizing that the world is entirely made of Depression: School her and Sasuke--- but that doesn#39;t deny the right for Welfare: a Solution Essay, her to Causes of the Great Depression: The Austrian of Thought Essay still love him, and for him to a town have the potential of Causes of the Great School Essay loving her back. Baby! In fact, there are a lot of things Sasuke does that hints that he cares for Causes Great The Austrian School of Thought, Sakura-- maybe not as a lover, but at least as a friend. I think that, not only does Sakura#39;s character develop, but her realationship with Sasuke, and even Naruto develops as well, as time passes.

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Our writers are graduated students from the best Universities of the Causes of the Essay, world. Lucille Ball Essay, Research Paper. On April 26, 1989, the world lost an extremely talented comic genius, Lucille Ball. There are so many things to learn about french colonies, this extraordinary woman: her childhood, her acting career, and Causes of the Depression: The Austrian School, her unfortunate death. Lucille Ball will most surely be known as a premiere comedienne of the 20th century. Lucille Ball was born in Jamestown, New York on Essay of The Tide Falls August 6, 1911. Of The Great School Essay? She spent her first few years in Anaconda, Montana and Wyandotte, Michigan. Tybalt Et Mercutio? When Lucy was three and a half her mother, Desiree, was pregnant with her second child and Depression: The Austrian, her father, Had, was stricken with typhoid fever. On February 28, 1915, Had died of his illness.

This left Lucy without a single recollection of what he was like. Kathleen Brady in her book The Life of Lucille Ball quotes Lucy, I do remember everything that happened. Beloved Analysis: Effects? . . hanging out the window, begging to play with the kids next door who had the measles. Great School Essay? . . the doctor coming, my mother weeping. I remember a bird that flew in the window, a picture that fell off the wall (Brady, 7). Et Mercutio? That bird became a haunting reminder and decades later stagehands on the I Love Lucy show learned never to put birds on the set; for she would panic in anger. A month before her fourth birthday on July 3, 1915 her little brother, Fred was born.

A few years later Desiree married again. This time to Ed Peterson on September 17, 1918. Ed did not like children and of the Great Depression: The Austrian School Essay, wouldnt allow Lucy or Fred to call him ?daddy?. Deaths And Its Effects? When Lucy was in first grade, Desiree left Lucy with Ed?s parents and Fred with her own. While Lucy was staying with Sophia Peterson, she was ridiculed the way she looked, spoke, and walked. With her long slender legs, her oversized feet, crooked teeth, and Causes Great The Austrian School, a high shrill voice she was easy to mock. Grandma Peterson would dress her in dresses long enough so she would grow into Needs them and shoes so hard that they squeaked. Grandma would also part her hair right down the middle and pull it back so tightly that she had the look of perpetual shock. Since mirrors encouraged vanity, Sophia banned them, except for one in the bathroom where she once found Lucy staring at her face.

Lucy was then assigned chores as punishment for Great Depression: her self-importance. Money was so scarce that she did not have a pencil in school, a shame so searing that in french colonies her forties she hoarded pencils that were meant for Great Depression: of Thought Essay her employees to use. Essay A Critical Of The Tide Rises, The Tide Falls? When she was confronted by an executive that asked her where the Great of Thought Essay, pencils were going she took him to a back closet and showed him the packages of the fact that nominal than real, unwrapped pencils. She only surrendered them when he told her that she owned all the Causes of the Depression: The Austrian, pencils in the company and that she was only Essay of The Rises,, stealing from Causes Great Depression: The Austrian School herself. The most important influence on Lucy?s early years was Celeron Park. She would go there with her family and ride on roller coasters or visit the Zoological Garden. In 1919, when Lucy was eight she was known as a hyperactive child. She was afraid of gypsies who set up their camp under the tybalt et mercutio, maple trees at the edge of the park every summer.

It was said in of the Great The Austrian of Thought Celeron that the gypsies would kidnap local children and take them off to their campgrounds. Then their parents would have to pay the gypsies a silver dollar to make them return the a Solution Essay, kids they had snatched. One day Lucy came home and Causes of the Depression: The Austrian School of Thought, told that the gypsies took her away to their camp, but she screamed so loud that they were forced to let her go. This caused paranoia in the family. Gdp Has Risen Than? In 1920, she was sent off to study singing, piano, and dancing at the Chautauqua Institute of Music. Of The Great School? After Lucy came back from school her maternal grandmother, Florabelle, died of cancer of the Social Welfare: a Solution, uterus on July 1, 1922. Even though Ed had been cruel and wouldnt have anything to do with raising Lucy, he encouraged her to perform. Since Ed belonged to the Shriners, he arranged for her to act, dance, and sing at their conventions. Great The Austrian School Of Thought Essay? In 1923, Ed and Desiree took her to see the celebrated monologist Julius Tannen who was performing in the area. After seeing his performance Lucy said, Tannen was magic. . . just this voice, and french colonies, this magnificent man enthralling you with his stories. . . his intonations. . . which I never, never forgot!

He changed my life. I knew it was a very serious, wonderful thing to be able to make people laugh and cry, to be able to Depression: The Austrian School of Thought Essay, play on their emotions. . . (Higham, 23). Because Lucy was inspired by Tannen she auditioned for and obtained a part in a local musical given by the Masonic Club. While doing a scene her partner accidentally threw her so violently across the stage that she dislocated her shoulder. Street Baby? For the rest of her life she had trouble with that shoulder. When she was twelve and a half she took a bus to New York and got a job as a chorus girl in the Schubert Musical Stepping Stones.

She was soon fired and Causes of the Great of Thought Essay, sent home when her true age was discovered. At the age of 14, Lucy was tall and excessively thin and leggy for her age. She was overly energetic and her friends remember her diving into every activity she could think of from ice-skating to horseback riding. In 1925, she entered Celeron High School. There she began organizing a dramatic club and a school band. She directed and Beloved and Its Effects, starred in plays and musicals. On July 3, 1927, it was Fred?s twelfth birthday and the eve of the 4th of July. Grandpa Hunt decided to have a Fourth-of-July-Eve-Party for some of the Causes Great Essay, neighboring children as well as a visiting girl from a neighboring town, Joanna Ottinger. Grandpa had bought that afternoon a .22 caliber rifle and tybalt et mercutio, foolishly gave it to the kids. It had bullets in it to practice with in the backyard. Fred fired some shots at Causes of the Great The Austrian School of Thought Essay a tin can.

Lucy then followed and finally Joanna picked up the gun. At that exact moment, the eight-year-old son of the Essay Analysis of The Tide Rises, The Tide, next door neighbor, Warner Erickson, ran out from his yard into the line of fire. Joanna was firing and the bullet from the gun went through Warner?s back and lodged in his left lung. He fell to the ground screaming and bleeding. His lower limbs, back, and Causes Great School of Thought Essay, arms were paralyzed. Fred Hunt was terrified; he, Lucy, Fred, and the fact faster gdp:, Joanna rushed forward to do what they could. Then Erickson?s parents came out hysterical with rage and charged Grandpa with having deliberately telling Joanna to fire at their son. Policed were called and a harrowing ordeal followed. Of The Great Of Thought Essay? Warner was hurried to the hospital unable to move.

The boy?s father, Einer Erickson, filed a complaint at his attorney?s office, charging Grandpa with deliberately and willfully giving orders to kill. Einer was insisting on the fact gdp has risen faster than real $5,000 so it would fully cover the hospital, legal, and doctor fees. Causes The Austrian School Essay? Grandpa was not charged with murder, but he was put in prison until the trial took place. The trial was a tribulation for Beloved Deaths Effects Essay everyone in concern, since all the children had to give evidence. Even thought the shooting had been an accident, Grandpa?s irresponsibility was punished appropriately. Great Depression: The Austrian School? Since Fred Hunt?s capital was only Social Welfare: America Needs Essay, a few hundred dollars and his only asset was the house, Einer Erickson could not be fully awarded.

The house was sold at School of Thought an auction to the highest bidders on September 14, 1928. This left Lucy and nominal gdp has faster than gdp:, her family homeless until they were able to find an apartment. After this incident it was a total shock to everyone and Lucy was ostracized and that gave her the Causes Great The Austrian of Thought Essay, feeling of nervousness and paranoia about life. After the shooting, Ed?s sister Lola died of cancer and Lucy returned to New York to try find work in toni baby Vaudeville. She was not very successful. She struggled as an artist?s model and posed as a Chesterfield cigarette Girl while living at Causes The Austrian School of Thought Essay the Kimberly Hotel on 74th and Broadway. Later she worked for Hattie Carnegie who specialized in well- tailored costumes. Many celebrated women came into Welfare: America a Solution Essay Hattie?s salon. Among those women was Joan Bennett.

For some reason, Hattie decided that Lucy resembled Joan. From then on Lucy modeled clothes for her. Lucy even dyed her hair platinum blond to match Joan?s hair color. One day Lucy was walking across the floor in a new costume and fell to the floor with severe pains in her legs in front of the Causes of the Great Depression: of Thought, costumers and staff. Hattie insisted that she see her own physician. The doctor said her condition was serious and Essay, that she should be sent to the Schuster Clinic on 113th Street. She was diagnosed with early signs of rheumatoid arthritis. Great Essay? This was quite rare at her age of seventeen. At that time, Professor Schuster was experimenting with a pregnant horse serum and asked Lucy if she would like to try it. She accepted in an instant. later she credited this treatment for having saved her from America Needs a Solution Essay being permanently taken over by the disease.

She still had to give up her modeling and go home. She spent most of her time in bed or in a wheelchair. Her legs were so out of whack that she had to The Austrian of Thought, have twenty pound weights on each foot to straighten them out. For the next two years she was in constant pain. She wondered if she would be able to pursue her acting career again.

Lucy?s best friend in Needs Essay those days was a hair dresser named Gertrude Foote, known as Footie asked if she could go along with Lucy back to New York as Lucy was going to Causes Great of Thought, work with Hattie Carnegie again. At almost twenty, Lucy lost her awkward leggy look and was strikingly attractive. Her hair was a mousy brown and her eyes were an intense blazing blue. A designer, Rose Ruth, who was a favorite at Hattie?s was walking with Lucy when she ran into a friend, Sylvia Hahlo, an actors? agent. Sylvia was very impressed with Lucy at various fashion shows and asked her if she would like to go to California. Lucy asked what she would do there. Sylvia told her that James Mulvey, of the Samuel Goldwyn office in new York was seeking models and the fact real, showgirls for the film Roman Scandals, starring the comedian Eddie Cantor. These girls would be added to the galaxy of beauties known as the ?Goldwyn Girls?, who were chosen for their looks and popularity at the time. While Lucy was hesitating with her decision she was offered a tiny, one-day job as a walk-on in the film Broadway Thru a Keyhole.

Sylvia rushed shots of Lucy in the film to Goldwyn. The representatives in New York signed her to a contract. But when Goldwyn ran tests on her in Causes of the The Austrian School of Thought Hollywood he didn?t like her at all. By chance the dance director, Busby Berkeley who was hired to the fact that faster gdp:, choreograph the film insisted that Goldwyn hire her. If it hadn?t been for Berkeley, Lucy may have never came to Hollywood. Another break came when a mother of twelve girls refused to let one of her daughters appear in a Hollywood movie. At the same time Lucy was starting out so was Betty Grable. Betty could sing or pretend to quite effectively, but Lucy couldn?t and that made her feel inferior.

Since Betty was more talented then Lucy, Lucy tried to imitate her by dying her hair blond. When Lucy wasn?t working on Causes of Thought a picture she would hang around the set trying to secure better parts for herself. About A Critical Of The Falls? During this time Lucy was dating Mack Gray a friend of of the School Essay, George Raft. Gray was Raft?s bodyguard-companion because Raft was a front man for the Mafia in New York. Raft also lent her money responding to the pleas that she was float broke. He allowed her to ride in his limousine with a chauffeur. Years later she tried to repay him but he wouldn?t hear of Beloved Analysis: and Its Essay, it.

Roman Scandals was directed by Frank Tuttle in 1933, which Lucy appeared with Kay Harvey. As Kay Harvey remembers one day, I came on the set one day to find ?Queen Lucy,? as we called her, riding a beautiful brown horse. Great The Austrian? She was wearing a scanty costume, with a long blond wig floating around her shoulders. The crew dubbed her Lady Godiva as she elegantly rode that poor, tired horse back and forth before cameras while we were lighted for a shot (Kay Harvey). Essay About Analysis Tide Falls? Kay also remembers that while she was riding she almost accidentally crushed a chorus girl who fell in of the The Austrian School of Thought front of the horse. After she completed several more Goldwyn films she was not exactly miserable, but she was not pleased either. She wasn?t happy with her next film, Blood Money, directed by Rowland Brown. After that picture she was loaned to United Artists for french colonies a tiny part as a chorus girl in Causes the Constance Bennett picture Moulin Rouge. She took no interest in her next few pictures: Bottoms Up, Hold That Girl, Bulldog Drummond Strikes Back, The Affairs of Cellini, or Kid Millions.

Lucy very badly wanted to go to that nominal than, Columbia, the Causes Great Depression: School of Thought, studio that specialized in knock about comedies. She felt that she could grow there. As an act to get fired she would purposely be late getting to the set from break time in Kid Millions. Lucy finally got her interview with Harry Cohn at Columbia. The casting director looked at her and decided right on the spot she would be perfect as ?a dumb broad.? Instead of being cast in that feature she was thrown into a short twenty minute part in Perfectly Mismatched. In 1934, she found a modest frame house located at 1344 North Ogden Drive in Hollywood. She borrowed the down payment of $65 from George Raft.

She hit rock bottom in that nominal risen real gdp: Three Little Pigskins, starring the Three Stooges, whose idea of comedy was tweaking noses, smashing pies into peoples faces, and dumping cans of Causes Depression: School of Thought Essay, paint on to people?s heads. She didn?t like this kind of comedy. By this time Lucy was unhappy in Hollywood. Nominal Risen Faster Than Gdp:? Columbia had only signed a contract with her to do bits. She decided to Causes of the Depression: The Austrian School of Thought, wire her family in Jamestown to toni street baby, tell them to come to Hollywood. She told them that she had no career and The Austrian Essay, that she was still poor. They packed their bags and were off to toni, live with Lucy. She sent the fares for Causes everyone and nominal gdp has faster than real, was relieved that Ed Peterson would not be joining then and that her mother and him were divorced. No sooner had the family came that Columbia decided to disbanded the comedy team to do more prestigous films. While Lucy was out taking a walk on the street, she ran into a friend, Dick Gree, who said there was an opening for a showgirl at RKO and were paying $50 a week.

RKO needed her to Causes Great The Austrian of Thought, play a model in Social Needs Essay a fashion show sequence for the Fred Astair/Ginger Rogers picture. Even though she only of the Depression: The Austrian of Thought, had to walk down an isle wearing ostrich feathers, it was an honor to her to appear in one of their pictures. Emerging at the same time was Lucy?s RKO rival, Betty Grable, who was more talented than her. To compete with her Lucy dyed her hair red. Not knowing what she was doing on March 19, 1936, Lucy registered with the nominal gdp has gdp:, Los Angeles County Registrar of Voters to affiliate with the Communist Party. From this decision, years later during the McCarthy era she was put into Causes of the Great Depression: The Austrian School the threat of professional ruin and public exposure. She always said that decision was only to please her grandfather.

As Lucy managed to obtain a leave from her contract from RKO she landed a role in a stage musical that was bound for toni baby Broadway, Hey Diddle Diddle. Great Depression: The Austrian? After the Beloved Deaths and Its Effects Essay, opening on January 21, 1937 of Causes of the School of Thought Essay, Hey Diddle Diddle at the fact that nominal gdp has faster than real the McCarter Theater in Princeton, New Jersey she received remarks from the Variety saying: ?Miss Ball fattens a fat part and almost walks off with the play. She outlines a consistent character and of the School, continuously gives it logical substance. Has a sense of than gdp:, timing and, with a few exceptions, keeps her comedy under control.? (Higgings, 43) After the Causes of the Great The Austrian School of Thought Essay, production closed Lucy returned to Hollywood and found herself cast in a movie with exceptional quality, Stage Door. The director, Gregory La Cava, was an alcoholic and every day the crew wondered if he would mess up the production. It wasn?t until she played in 47 films that she met Desi Arnaz on the set of Dance, Girl, Dance in Analysis of The Tide Falls 1940. Desi and Lucy didn?t hit it off at first, but soon they fell in love with each other and were married in Greenich, Connecticut. From 1940 on she continued to play in movies and films. Sometimes she would be cast with Bob Hope, Henry Fonda, Ginger Rogers, or Katharine Hepburn. Of The Great Depression: The Austrian? Her more successful films include: The Big Street, Du Barry Was a Lady, Best Foot Forward, Ziegfeld Follies, and Welfare: a Solution Essay, Lured.

While Lucy was on tour of Dream Girl the cast came down with a virus and could not perform on Christmas 1947. In generosity Lucy paid for of the Depression: The Austrian of Thought Essay the casts hospital bills and Essay of The Rises, Falls, wages. By the time she got to southern California for opening night, she too was stricken with the virus. It was of her own will power that she got through her performance on January 5, 1948. Causes Of The Great School? The review by Analysis of The Rises, The Tide Falls the Los Angeles Time?s Edwin Schallert was favorable and he wrote: Here is a young lady of the films who could, if she would, have a dazzling footlight career. Causes Great The Austrian School Essay? And what is and Its Essay, more though this may be a brash statement to make she is, in a sense, wasting her talents in pictures. . . Miss Ball is a striking presence in the footlight world. Of The Great Depression: Of Thought? She has efficiency as a comedienne. She can tinge a scene delicately with pathos.

She has special facility in dealing with sharp-edged repartee. She apparently never overdoes the sentimental side of the fact that gdp has risen gdp:, a role. . . (Higham, 89#038;90). After that review Lucy went on of the Great Depression: School to complete eight more films before the tragic death of a dear friend of hers. In the spring of 1951, S. Tybalt? Sylvan Simon at the age of forty-one committed suicide for unknown reasons. Lucy told that it was he who inspired the crazy comedy that led to ?I Love Lucy.? Lucy and Desi went on to start their own television series. They came up with ideas, but television studios would not accept the show.

After taking out loans, Lucy and Causes of the The Austrian School Essay, Desi founded ?Desilu Productions.? I Love Lucy became the most popular television series of its decade running continuously from 1951 to 1957. In 1960, Lucy divorced Desi. Later she became head of two major television companies and did more ?Lucy? series; The Lucy show (1962-69), Here?s Lucy (1968-74), and last and the least successful 1986 series Life with Lucy. On May 10, 1988, after her television career was finished, Lucy woke up and went to the bathroom. Toni Baby? Suddenly she felt a heavy object fall into her lap. When she picked it up she realized it was her arm and that she had had a stroke.

Her then husband, Gary rushed her to Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and she spent a few hours in The Austrian intensive care. She was then released and a nurse, Trudi Arcudi moved in with her. For the next few months she worked on her partially paralyzed right side and her speech. After her recovery she was pleased to be invited to appear with Bob Hope at the Oscars in late March 1989 to introduce a salute to young performers. Over the next few weeks she felt tired and sluggish, and one morning she woke up with terrible chest pains. She was driven to the hospital by french colonies Gary. Causes Great Depression: Of Thought Essay? There doctors performed a six-and-a-half-hour emergency open-heart surgery to replace a torn section of her aorta and a weakened valve.

As people heard about the news they phoned the hospital of her condition. About Analysis Rises, Falls? She received flowers and cards by the ton. Of The Great School Of Thought Essay? As she was making a remarkable recovery she was thrilled to hear about all the that nominal gdp has gdp:, cards and calls she had received. Causes Great Depression: School? On April 26, 1989, just before she was due to go home, she awoke with a pain in her back. Only Trudi Arcudi was with her as her patched aorta burst and her life came to an end.

Now you know the fascinating life Lucille Ball led being one of the Beloved Deaths and Its, most famous women in Causes of Thought Essay television history. Although her childhood may be shocking to Analysis: Deaths Effects Essay, you. It was far from what you think a wonderful lady like her would have been raised. But even the misfortunate live to be extraordinary people. The most important thing to Lucille Ball was that she wanted everyone to love her because she didn?t receive that kind of love as a child. Lucy did die knowing that everyone loved her after all. On April 26, 1989, the Depression: The Austrian School, world lost an extremely talented comic genius, Lucille Ball. There are so many things to french colonies, learn about this extraordinary woman: her childhood, her acting career, and her unfortunate death.

Lucille Ball will most surely be known as a premiere comedienne of the 20th century. Lucille Ball was born in Jamestown, New York on August 6, 1911. Of The Depression: Of Thought Essay? She spent her first few years in Anaconda, Montana and Wyandotte, Michigan. When Lucy was three and a half her mother, Desiree, was pregnant with her second child and that gdp has than real gdp:, her father, Had, was stricken with typhoid fever. Of The The Austrian Of Thought? On February 28, 1915, Had died of his illness. This left Lucy without a single recollection of what he was like. Effects Essay? Kathleen Brady in her book The Life of Lucille Ball quotes Lucy, I do remember everything that happened. . . hanging out the of the Great Depression: School of Thought Essay, window, begging to play with the kids next door who had the measles. . . the doctor coming, my mother weeping. I remember a bird that flew in the window, a picture that fell off the wall (Brady, 7). That bird became a haunting reminder and decades later stagehands on the I Love Lucy show learned never to put birds on Welfare: America a Solution the set; for she would panic in Great The Austrian School anger. A month before her fourth birthday on July 3, 1915 her little brother, Fred was born.

A few years later Desiree married again. This time to Ed Peterson on September 17, 1918. Ed did not like children and wouldnt allow Lucy or Fred to call him ?daddy?. When Lucy was in Social a Solution first grade, Desiree left Lucy with Ed?s parents and Causes Great of Thought, Fred with her own. While Lucy was staying with Sophia Peterson, she was ridiculed the way she looked, spoke, and Essay A Critical Rises,, walked. With her long slender legs, her oversized feet, crooked teeth, and a high shrill voice she was easy to mock.

Grandma Peterson would dress her in Causes School of Thought Essay dresses long enough so she would grow into them and baby, shoes so hard that they squeaked. Grandma would also part her hair right down the middle and of the Depression: School of Thought, pull it back so tightly that she had the look of perpetual shock. Since mirrors encouraged vanity, Sophia banned them, except for one in the bathroom where she once found Lucy staring at her face. Lucy was then assigned chores as punishment for her self-importance. Money was so scarce that she did not have a pencil in school, a shame so searing that in her forties she hoarded pencils that were meant for her employees to use. When she was confronted by an executive that asked her where the pencils were going she took him to a back closet and showed him the packages of french colonies, unwrapped pencils. She only surrendered them when he told her that she owned all the Causes Depression: The Austrian School Essay, pencils in the company and that she was only stealing from herself. The most important influence on Lucy?s early years was Celeron Park.

She would go there with her family and ride on roller coasters or visit the Zoological Garden. In 1919, when Lucy was eight she was known as a hyperactive child. She was afraid of gypsies who set up their camp under the Welfare: a Solution, maple trees at the edge of the park every summer. Of The Depression: School? It was said in french colonies Celeron that the gypsies would kidnap local children and Causes of the Great of Thought, take them off to toni, their campgrounds. Then their parents would have to pay the gypsies a silver dollar to Causes The Austrian School Essay, make them return the kids they had snatched. One day Lucy came home and told that the gypsies took her away to their camp, but she screamed so loud that they were forced to let her go. This caused paranoia in the family. In 1920, she was sent off to study singing, piano, and dancing at the Chautauqua Institute of Music. After Lucy came back from school her maternal grandmother, Florabelle, died of cancer of the uterus on Beloved Analysis: Deaths Essay July 1, 1922.

Even though Ed had been cruel and wouldnt have anything to do with raising Lucy, he encouraged her to perform. Since Ed belonged to the Shriners, he arranged for her to act, dance, and sing at their conventions. Great Depression: School Essay? In 1923, Ed and Desiree took her to see the celebrated monologist Julius Tannen who was performing in the area. After seeing his performance Lucy said, Tannen was magic. Street Baby? . . just this voice, and Causes Great Depression: The Austrian of Thought, this magnificent man enthralling you with his stories. . Social America Needs? . his intonations. . . which I never, never forgot! He changed my life. I knew it was a very serious, wonderful thing to be able to of the Depression: The Austrian of Thought, make people laugh and about, cry, to be able to Causes of the Great The Austrian School of Thought Essay, play on their emotions. . . (Higham, 23). Toni? Because Lucy was inspired by Tannen she auditioned for and obtained a part in a local musical given by the Masonic Club.

While doing a scene her partner accidentally threw her so violently across the of the Great Depression: School Essay, stage that she dislocated her shoulder. French Colonies? For the rest of her life she had trouble with that shoulder. When she was twelve and a half she took a bus to New York and Causes Great School Essay, got a job as a chorus girl in the Schubert Musical Stepping Stones. She was soon fired and sent home when her true age was discovered. At the age of 14, Lucy was tall and french colonies, excessively thin and leggy for her age. She was overly energetic and her friends remember her diving into every activity she could think of from ice-skating to horseback riding. In 1925, she entered Celeron High School. There she began organizing a dramatic club and Depression: The Austrian of Thought, a school band. She directed and starred in plays and musicals.

On July 3, 1927, it was Fred?s twelfth birthday and the eve of the 4th of July. Grandpa Hunt decided to have a Fourth-of-July-Eve-Party for some of the neighboring children as well as a visiting girl from a neighboring town, Joanna Ottinger. Grandpa had bought that afternoon a .22 caliber rifle and foolishly gave it to the kids. It had bullets in it to practice with in the backyard. Fred fired some shots at french colonies a tin can. Lucy then followed and of the Great School Essay, finally Joanna picked up the Beloved and Its Effects Essay, gun. At that exact moment, the eight-year-old son of the next door neighbor, Warner Erickson, ran out from his yard into the line of of the Depression: The Austrian School Essay, fire. Joanna was firing and Beloved Analysis: Deaths, the bullet from the gun went through Warner?s back and lodged in his left lung. He fell to the ground screaming and bleeding. His lower limbs, back, and arms were paralyzed. Great School? Fred Hunt was terrified; he, Lucy, Fred, and tybalt et mercutio, Joanna rushed forward to Great Depression: The Austrian, do what they could.

Then Erickson?s parents came out hysterical with rage and charged Grandpa with having deliberately telling Joanna to fire at their son. Policed were called and a harrowing ordeal followed. Welfare: Needs Essay? Warner was hurried to the hospital unable to move. The boy?s father, Einer Erickson, filed a complaint at his attorney?s office, charging Grandpa with deliberately and willfully giving orders to Depression: of Thought Essay, kill. Einer was insisting on french colonies $5,000 so it would fully cover the hospital, legal, and doctor fees. Grandpa was not charged with murder, but he was put in prison until the trial took place. The trial was a tribulation for everyone in concern, since all the of the Great Depression: of Thought Essay, children had to give evidence. Even thought the shooting had been an accident, Grandpa?s irresponsibility was punished appropriately. Since Fred Hunt?s capital was only a few hundred dollars and his only toni baby, asset was the of Thought Essay, house, Einer Erickson could not be fully awarded.

The house was sold at an auction to the highest bidders on September 14, 1928. This left Lucy and french colonies, her family homeless until they were able to find an apartment. After this incident it was a total shock to everyone and Lucy was ostracized and that gave her the feeling of nervousness and paranoia about life. Of The The Austrian Of Thought Essay? After the shooting, Ed?s sister Lola died of cancer and Lucy returned to New York to try find work in Vaudeville. She was not very successful. She struggled as an artist?s model and posed as a Chesterfield cigarette Girl while living at the Kimberly Hotel on 74th and french colonies, Broadway. Of The Great Depression:? Later she worked for toni Hattie Carnegie who specialized in of the Great The Austrian School well- tailored costumes. Many celebrated women came into Hattie?s salon. French Colonies? Among those women was Joan Bennett. For some reason, Hattie decided that Lucy resembled Joan. From then on Lucy modeled clothes for Causes Great The Austrian School her.

Lucy even dyed her hair platinum blond to match Joan?s hair color. One day Lucy was walking across the floor in a new costume and fell to the floor with severe pains in her legs in front of the costumers and staff. Hattie insisted that she see her own physician. The doctor said her condition was serious and that she should be sent to the Schuster Clinic on 113th Street. She was diagnosed with early signs of rheumatoid arthritis. This was quite rare at her age of seventeen. At that time, Professor Schuster was experimenting with a pregnant horse serum and asked Lucy if she would like to try it. Analysis: And Its Effects Essay? She accepted in an instant. later she credited this treatment for Depression: School having saved her from being permanently taken over by the disease. Beloved Analysis: And Its? She still had to give up her modeling and go home. She spent most of Causes The Austrian of Thought, her time in bed or in a wheelchair.

Her legs were so out of whack that she had to have twenty pound weights on about A Critical Analysis Tide Rises, Falls each foot to straighten them out. For the next two years she was in constant pain. Causes Of The The Austrian School Of Thought? She wondered if she would be able to pursue her acting career again. Lucy?s best friend in those days was a hair dresser named Gertrude Foote, known as Footie asked if she could go along with Lucy back to Social Welfare: a Solution Essay, New York as Lucy was going to of the Depression: The Austrian School of Thought, work with Hattie Carnegie again. At almost twenty, Lucy lost her awkward leggy look and was strikingly attractive. Her hair was a mousy brown and her eyes were an Beloved Analysis: and Its, intense blazing blue.

A designer, Rose Ruth, who was a favorite at Hattie?s was walking with Lucy when she ran into a friend, Sylvia Hahlo, an Causes Great Depression: of Thought Essay, actors? agent. Sylvia was very impressed with Lucy at various fashion shows and toni street, asked her if she would like to go to California. Lucy asked what she would do there. Of The Great Depression: The Austrian Of Thought? Sylvia told her that James Mulvey, of the Samuel Goldwyn office in new York was seeking models and showgirls for A Critical Analysis The Tide the film Roman Scandals, starring the comedian Eddie Cantor. These girls would be added to the galaxy of beauties known as the ?Goldwyn Girls?, who were chosen for of the Depression: of Thought Essay their looks and popularity at the time. While Lucy was hesitating with her decision she was offered a tiny, one-day job as a walk-on in the film Broadway Thru a Keyhole. Sylvia rushed shots of Lucy in the film to Goldwyn.

The representatives in Social Welfare: a Solution New York signed her to a contract. But when Goldwyn ran tests on her in Hollywood he didn?t like her at all. By chance the dance director, Busby Berkeley who was hired to choreograph the film insisted that Goldwyn hire her. If it hadn?t been for Causes of the Great Essay Berkeley, Lucy may have never came to Hollywood. Another break came when a mother of twelve girls refused to let one of her daughters appear in Social Welfare: Needs a Hollywood movie.

At the Causes Great The Austrian, same time Lucy was starting out so was Betty Grable. Betty could sing or pretend to quite effectively, but Lucy couldn?t and that made her feel inferior. Since Betty was more talented then Lucy, Lucy tried to imitate her by dying her hair blond. When Lucy wasn?t working on a picture she would hang around the set trying to secure better parts for herself. During this time Lucy was dating Mack Gray a friend of George Raft. Baby? Gray was Raft?s bodyguard-companion because Raft was a front man for Causes Great The Austrian School of Thought Essay the Mafia in about A Critical Tide New York. Causes Of The Great Depression: Of Thought Essay? Raft also lent her money responding to the pleas that she was float broke. He allowed her to ride in Beloved Analysis: Deaths Effects his limousine with a chauffeur.

Years later she tried to repay him but he wouldn?t hear of it. Roman Scandals was directed by Frank Tuttle in 1933, which Lucy appeared with Kay Harvey. As Kay Harvey remembers one day, I came on the set one day to find ?Queen Lucy,? as we called her, riding a beautiful brown horse. She was wearing a scanty costume, with a long blond wig floating around her shoulders. The crew dubbed her Lady Godiva as she elegantly rode that poor, tired horse back and forth before cameras while we were lighted for a shot (Kay Harvey).

Kay also remembers that while she was riding she almost accidentally crushed a chorus girl who fell in front of the Causes of the Depression: School, horse. After she completed several more Goldwyn films she was not exactly miserable, but she was not pleased either. She wasn?t happy with her next film, Blood Money, directed by Rowland Brown. Essay A Critical Analysis The Tide Falls? After that picture she was loaned to United Artists for of the Great Depression: The Austrian Essay a tiny part as a chorus girl in the Constance Bennett picture Moulin Rouge. Analysis: Essay? She took no interest in her next few pictures: Bottoms Up, Hold That Girl, Bulldog Drummond Strikes Back, The Affairs of Cellini, or Kid Millions. Lucy very badly wanted to go to Columbia, the studio that specialized in knock about comedies. She felt that she could grow there. As an act to get fired she would purposely be late getting to the set from break time in Kid Millions.

Lucy finally got her interview with Harry Cohn at Columbia. Causes Of The Great Depression: The Austrian School Of Thought? The casting director looked at her and decided right on Deaths Effects Essay the spot she would be perfect as ?a dumb broad.? Instead of being cast in that feature she was thrown into a short twenty minute part in Perfectly Mismatched. Causes Depression: The Austrian? In 1934, she found a modest frame house located at 1344 North Ogden Drive in Hollywood. Social Welfare: America A Solution Essay? She borrowed the down payment of $65 from George Raft. She hit rock bottom in Three Little Pigskins, starring the Three Stooges, whose idea of comedy was tweaking noses, smashing pies into peoples faces, and dumping cans of paint on to people?s heads.

She didn?t like this kind of comedy. By this time Lucy was unhappy in Hollywood. Columbia had only signed a contract with her to do bits. She decided to wire her family in Jamestown to tell them to come to Hollywood. She told them that she had no career and Great Depression: School Essay, that she was still poor. They packed their bags and tybalt, were off to live with Lucy. She sent the fares for Causes of the Depression: The Austrian School everyone and was relieved that Ed Peterson would not be joining then and that her mother and him were divorced. No sooner had the family came that Columbia decided to disbanded the comedy team to do more prestigous films. While Lucy was out Deaths and Its, taking a walk on the street, she ran into a friend, Dick Gree, who said there was an opening for a showgirl at RKO and were paying $50 a week.

RKO needed her to play a model in a fashion show sequence for the Fred Astair/Ginger Rogers picture. Of The Great Depression: The Austrian? Even though she only had to walk down an isle wearing ostrich feathers, it was an honor to her to appear in one of their pictures. Emerging at the same time was Lucy?s RKO rival, Betty Grable, who was more talented than her. To compete with her Lucy dyed her hair red. Not knowing what she was doing on March 19, 1936, Lucy registered with the Los Angeles County Registrar of french colonies, Voters to affiliate with the Communist Party. From this decision, years later during the McCarthy era she was put into the threat of professional ruin and public exposure. She always said that decision was only to please her grandfather.

As Lucy managed to of the Depression: School of Thought, obtain a leave from her contract from RKO she landed a role in a stage musical that was bound for Broadway, Hey Diddle Diddle. After the opening on January 21, 1937 of Hey Diddle Diddle at the McCarter Theater in Princeton, New Jersey she received remarks from the Variety saying: ?Miss Ball fattens a fat part and almost walks off with the play. She outlines a consistent character and continuously gives it logical substance. Has a sense of timing and, with a few exceptions, keeps her comedy under control.? (Higgings, 43) After the production closed Lucy returned to Hollywood and found herself cast in a movie with exceptional quality, Stage Door. The director, Gregory La Cava, was an alcoholic and toni baby, every day the Causes Great of Thought, crew wondered if he would mess up the production. It wasn?t until she played in 47 films that she met Desi Arnaz on the set of Dance, Girl, Dance in Social America a Solution Essay 1940.

Desi and Lucy didn?t hit it off at first, but soon they fell in love with each other and were married in Greenich, Connecticut. From 1940 on she continued to play in movies and films. Sometimes she would be cast with Bob Hope, Henry Fonda, Ginger Rogers, or Katharine Hepburn. Causes Of The Of Thought Essay? Her more successful films include: The Big Street, Du Barry Was a Lady, Best Foot Forward, Ziegfeld Follies, and Lured. French Colonies? While Lucy was on tour of Dream Girl the Great Depression: of Thought, cast came down with a virus and could not perform on Christmas 1947. In generosity Lucy paid for the casts hospital bills and wages. By the french colonies, time she got to southern California for opening night, she too was stricken with the Causes Great Depression: The Austrian School, virus. It was of her own will power that she got through her performance on french colonies January 5, 1948. The review by Depression: School the Los Angeles Time?s Edwin Schallert was favorable and he wrote: Here is a young lady of the films who could, if she would, have a dazzling footlight career. Beloved Effects Essay? And what is more though this may be a brash statement to make she is, in Causes of the Great School of Thought Essay a sense, wasting her talents in pictures. That Nominal Gdp Has Faster Gdp:? . . Miss Ball is a striking presence in Causes Great School the footlight world. She has efficiency as a comedienne.

She can tinge a scene delicately with pathos. She has special facility in dealing with sharp-edged repartee. She apparently never overdoes the sentimental side of a role. Social Welfare: A Solution Essay? . Great Depression: School Of Thought Essay? . (Higham, 89#038;90). After that review Lucy went on to complete eight more films before the tragic death of et mercutio, a dear friend of hers. In the spring of 1951, S. Sylvan Simon at the age of Causes of the The Austrian Essay, forty-one committed suicide for unknown reasons. Lucy told that it was he who inspired the Welfare: America Essay, crazy comedy that led to ?I Love Lucy.? Lucy and Desi went on to start their own television series.

They came up with ideas, but television studios would not accept the show. After taking out loans, Lucy and of Thought, Desi founded ?Desilu Productions.? I Love Lucy became the most popular television series of its decade running continuously from 1951 to 1957. Essay? In 1960, Lucy divorced Desi. Later she became head of The Austrian School Essay, two major television companies and did more ?Lucy? series; The Lucy show (1962-69), Here?s Lucy (1968-74), and french colonies, last and the least successful 1986 series Life with Lucy. On May 10, 1988, after her television career was finished, Lucy woke up and went to the bathroom.

Suddenly she felt a heavy object fall into her lap. When she picked it up she realized it was her arm and that she had had a stroke. Her then husband, Gary rushed her to Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and she spent a few hours in Depression: The Austrian School of Thought intensive care. She was then released and tybalt et mercutio, a nurse, Trudi Arcudi moved in of the Great Depression: The Austrian School with her. For the next few months she worked on et mercutio her partially paralyzed right side and her speech. Causes Of The Great Depression: Of Thought Essay? After her recovery she was pleased to be invited to appear with Bob Hope at the Oscars in tybalt et mercutio late March 1989 to introduce a salute to young performers. Over the next few weeks she felt tired and sluggish, and one morning she woke up with terrible chest pains. She was driven to the hospital by Gary.

There doctors performed a six-and-a-half-hour emergency open-heart surgery to replace a torn section of her aorta and of the Great Depression: School of Thought, a weakened valve. As people heard about the news they phoned the hospital of her condition. She received flowers and cards by the ton. As she was making a remarkable recovery she was thrilled to hear about et mercutio, all the cards and calls she had received. On April 26, 1989, just before she was due to Depression: School, go home, she awoke with a pain in her back.

Only Trudi Arcudi was with her as her patched aorta burst and french colonies, her life came to an end. Now you know the fascinating life Lucille Ball led being one of the Causes Depression: The Austrian School of Thought Essay, most famous women in television history. Welfare: Needs? Although her childhood may be shocking to you. It was far from what you think a wonderful lady like her would have been raised. But even the of the School of Thought, misfortunate live to be extraordinary people. The most important thing to Lucille Ball was that she wanted everyone to love her because she didn?t receive that kind of love as a child. Lucy did die knowing that everyone loved her after all. On April 26, 1989, the world lost an extremely talented comic genius, Lucille Ball. There are so many things to learn about this extraordinary woman: her childhood, her acting career, and her unfortunate death. Lucille Ball will most surely be known as a premiere comedienne of the 20th century.

Lucille Ball was born in Jamestown, New York on August 6, 1911. America? She spent her first few years in Anaconda, Montana and Wyandotte, Michigan. When Lucy was three and of the of Thought Essay, a half her mother, Desiree, was pregnant with her second child and her father, Had, was stricken with typhoid fever. On February 28, 1915, Had died of his illness. This left Lucy without a single recollection of what he was like. Kathleen Brady in her book The Life of Lucille Ball quotes Lucy, I do remember everything that happened. . French Colonies? . hanging out the window, begging to play with the kids next door who had the measles. . . the of the of Thought, doctor coming, my mother weeping. I remember a bird that flew in the window, a picture that fell off the wall (Brady, 7). That bird became a haunting reminder and decades later stagehands on the I Love Lucy show learned never to put birds on the set; for she would panic in anger. The Fact That Risen Gdp:? A month before her fourth birthday on Causes of the Great Depression: July 3, 1915 her little brother, Fred was born. A few years later Desiree married again.

This time to Ed Peterson on nominal risen faster than September 17, 1918. Ed did not like children and wouldnt allow Lucy or Fred to call him ?daddy?. When Lucy was in first grade, Desiree left Lucy with Ed?s parents and Causes Great School, Fred with her own. While Lucy was staying with Sophia Peterson, she was ridiculed the way she looked, spoke, and walked. With her long slender legs, her oversized feet, crooked teeth, and a high shrill voice she was easy to mock. Grandma Peterson would dress her in dresses long enough so she would grow into them and shoes so hard that they squeaked. Grandma would also part her hair right down the middle and pull it back so tightly that she had the that gdp has risen faster than, look of perpetual shock. Since mirrors encouraged vanity, Sophia banned them, except for of the Great one in the bathroom where she once found Lucy staring at her face. Street? Lucy was then assigned chores as punishment for her self-importance. Of The Great Depression: School Essay? Money was so scarce that she did not have a pencil in school, a shame so searing that in her forties she hoarded pencils that were meant for her employees to use.

When she was confronted by an executive that asked her where the pencils were going she took him to a back closet and showed him the packages of Welfare: America Needs Essay, unwrapped pencils. She only of the Depression: Essay, surrendered them when he told her that she owned all the Essay A Critical Analysis of The Rises, Falls, pencils in Causes of the Great The Austrian Essay the company and that she was only stealing from herself. The most important influence on Lucy?s early years was Celeron Park. She would go there with her family and ride on roller coasters or visit the Zoological Garden. In 1919, when Lucy was eight she was known as a hyperactive child. She was afraid of gypsies who set up their camp under the maple trees at the edge of the park every summer. It was said in Celeron that the gypsies would kidnap local children and toni street baby, take them off to Causes Great Depression: The Austrian School, their campgrounds. Then their parents would have to pay the Social Welfare: Needs Essay, gypsies a silver dollar to make them return the kids they had snatched. Great The Austrian School? One day Lucy came home and told that the gypsies took her away to their camp, but she screamed so loud that they were forced to let her go. This caused paranoia in the family.

In 1920, she was sent off to study singing, piano, and dancing at the Chautauqua Institute of Music. About A Critical Analysis Of The Tide Rises, The Tide? After Lucy came back from school her maternal grandmother, Florabelle, died of cancer of the uterus on The Austrian July 1, 1922. French Colonies? Even though Ed had been cruel and wouldnt have anything to Causes of the Great Depression: The Austrian Essay, do with raising Lucy, he encouraged her to perform. Since Ed belonged to the Shriners, he arranged for her to act, dance, and sing at their conventions. In 1923, Ed and Essay about A Critical Analysis of The Tide Rises, Falls, Desiree took her to see the celebrated monologist Julius Tannen who was performing in the area.

After seeing his performance Lucy said, Tannen was magic. . . just this voice, and this magnificent man enthralling you with his stories. . . his intonations. Of The Great Depression: The Austrian School? . . which I never, never forgot! He changed my life. Essay About A Critical Rises,? I knew it was a very serious, wonderful thing to be able to make people laugh and Causes School of Thought Essay, cry, to be able to play on french colonies their emotions. . . (Higham, 23). Because Lucy was inspired by Causes of the Great Depression: The Austrian of Thought Essay Tannen she auditioned for and obtained a part in a local musical given by the Masonic Club. While doing a scene her partner accidentally threw her so violently across the stage that she dislocated her shoulder. For the rest of her life she had trouble with that shoulder. When she was twelve and a half she took a bus to New York and got a job as a chorus girl in Essay A Critical Analysis Rises, the Schubert Musical Stepping Stones. Causes Of The Great? She was soon fired and sent home when her true age was discovered.

At the street, age of 14, Lucy was tall and excessively thin and leggy for her age. She was overly energetic and her friends remember her diving into every activity she could think of from ice-skating to horseback riding. In 1925, she entered Celeron High School. Of The School Of Thought? There she began organizing a dramatic club and a school band. She directed and starred in plays and musicals. On July 3, 1927, it was Fred?s twelfth birthday and french colonies, the eve of the 4th of July.

Grandpa Hunt decided to have a Fourth-of-July-Eve-Party for some of the neighboring children as well as a visiting girl from a neighboring town, Joanna Ottinger. Grandpa had bought that afternoon a .22 caliber rifle and foolishly gave it to the kids. It had bullets in it to practice with in the backyard. Fred fired some shots at a tin can. Lucy then followed and of the Great The Austrian School Essay, finally Joanna picked up the gdp has faster than, gun.

At that exact moment, the eight-year-old son of the Causes Depression: of Thought Essay, next door neighbor, Warner Erickson, ran out from his yard into the line of fire. Joanna was firing and the bullet from the gun went through Warner?s back and baby, lodged in his left lung. He fell to the ground screaming and bleeding. His lower limbs, back, and arms were paralyzed. Fred Hunt was terrified; he, Lucy, Fred, and Joanna rushed forward to of the Great Depression: The Austrian School of Thought, do what they could.

Then Erickson?s parents came out hysterical with rage and charged Grandpa with having deliberately telling Joanna to fire at their son. Policed were called and a harrowing ordeal followed. Street? Warner was hurried to the hospital unable to move. Causes Great Depression: School Of Thought? The boy?s father, Einer Erickson, filed a complaint at his attorney?s office, charging Grandpa with deliberately and willfully giving orders to kill. Toni? Einer was insisting on Great Depression: School Essay $5,000 so it would fully cover the that gdp has risen gdp:, hospital, legal, and doctor fees. Grandpa was not charged with murder, but he was put in Depression: The Austrian of Thought prison until the trial took place. The trial was a tribulation for everyone in concern, since all the a Solution, children had to give evidence. Even thought the shooting had been an accident, Grandpa?s irresponsibility was punished appropriately. Since Fred Hunt?s capital was only Causes Depression: School Essay, a few hundred dollars and french colonies, his only asset was the house, Einer Erickson could not be fully awarded. The house was sold at an auction to the highest bidders on September 14, 1928. Causes Great The Austrian Essay? This left Lucy and her family homeless until they were able to find an apartment.

After this incident it was a total shock to everyone and Lucy was ostracized and Beloved Analysis: Essay, that gave her the feeling of nervousness and paranoia about of the Depression: The Austrian School, life. After the shooting, Ed?s sister Lola died of cancer and Lucy returned to New York to try find work in Vaudeville. She was not very successful. She struggled as an artist?s model and posed as a Chesterfield cigarette Girl while living at the Kimberly Hotel on A Critical Analysis of The Tide Rises, The Tide Falls 74th and Broadway. Later she worked for Great School Essay Hattie Carnegie who specialized in well- tailored costumes. Many celebrated women came into Hattie?s salon. Among those women was Joan Bennett. For some reason, Hattie decided that Lucy resembled Joan. From then on Lucy modeled clothes for her. Lucy even dyed her hair platinum blond to the fact that nominal faster than real, match Joan?s hair color.

One day Lucy was walking across the Depression: Essay, floor in a new costume and fell to the floor with severe pains in her legs in Welfare: America Needs a Solution front of the costumers and staff. Hattie insisted that she see her own physician. The doctor said her condition was serious and that she should be sent to the Schuster Clinic on Depression: School of Thought Essay 113th Street. She was diagnosed with early signs of rheumatoid arthritis. This was quite rare at her age of toni baby, seventeen.

At that time, Professor Schuster was experimenting with a pregnant horse serum and asked Lucy if she would like to try it. She accepted in an instant. later she credited this treatment for having saved her from being permanently taken over by the disease. She still had to give up her modeling and go home. She spent most of her time in bed or in a wheelchair. Her legs were so out of whack that she had to have twenty pound weights on each foot to straighten them out. For the next two years she was in constant pain. She wondered if she would be able to pursue her acting career again.

Lucy?s best friend in those days was a hair dresser named Gertrude Foote, known as Footie asked if she could go along with Lucy back to New York as Lucy was going to Causes of the Depression: School Essay, work with Hattie Carnegie again. At almost twenty, Lucy lost her awkward leggy look and was strikingly attractive. Her hair was a mousy brown and her eyes were an intense blazing blue. A designer, Rose Ruth, who was a favorite at Hattie?s was walking with Lucy when she ran into a friend, Sylvia Hahlo, an actors? agent. Sylvia was very impressed with Lucy at various fashion shows and asked her if she would like to tybalt, go to California. Lucy asked what she would do there. Sylvia told her that James Mulvey, of the Samuel Goldwyn office in Causes Essay new York was seeking models and showgirls for the film Roman Scandals, starring the toni baby, comedian Eddie Cantor. These girls would be added to the galaxy of beauties known as the ?Goldwyn Girls?, who were chosen for Causes Great Depression: The Austrian of Thought their looks and popularity at the time. While Lucy was hesitating with her decision she was offered a tiny, one-day job as a walk-on in the film Broadway Thru a Keyhole. French Colonies? Sylvia rushed shots of Causes of the Depression: The Austrian School of Thought, Lucy in french colonies the film to Goldwyn. The representatives in New York signed her to a contract.

But when Goldwyn ran tests on her in Great The Austrian School of Thought Hollywood he didn?t like her at of The Rises, The Tide Falls all. By chance the dance director, Busby Berkeley who was hired to choreograph the film insisted that Goldwyn hire her. Of The Great School Essay? If it hadn?t been for et mercutio Berkeley, Lucy may have never came to Hollywood. Another break came when a mother of Causes Great Depression: School, twelve girls refused to let one of Social Welfare: Needs Essay, her daughters appear in Causes Great Depression: a Hollywood movie. At the same time Lucy was starting out french colonies, so was Betty Grable. Of The The Austrian? Betty could sing or pretend to quite effectively, but Lucy couldn?t and that made her feel inferior. Since Betty was more talented then Lucy, Lucy tried to imitate her by dying her hair blond. When Lucy wasn?t working on a picture she would hang around the set trying to secure better parts for herself.

During this time Lucy was dating Mack Gray a friend of George Raft. Gray was Raft?s bodyguard-companion because Raft was a front man for Analysis: Deaths and Its the Mafia in New York. Causes Depression: Essay? Raft also lent her money responding to the pleas that she was float broke. He allowed her to ride in his limousine with a chauffeur. Years later she tried to repay him but he wouldn?t hear of it.

Roman Scandals was directed by Frank Tuttle in of The Rises, The Tide Falls 1933, which Lucy appeared with Kay Harvey. As Kay Harvey remembers one day, I came on the set one day to find ?Queen Lucy,? as we called her, riding a beautiful brown horse. She was wearing a scanty costume, with a long blond wig floating around her shoulders. The crew dubbed her Lady Godiva as she elegantly rode that poor, tired horse back and forth before cameras while we were lighted for a shot (Kay Harvey). Kay also remembers that while she was riding she almost accidentally crushed a chorus girl who fell in front of the horse. After she completed several more Goldwyn films she was not exactly miserable, but she was not pleased either.

She wasn?t happy with her next film, Blood Money, directed by Rowland Brown. After that picture she was loaned to The Austrian School Essay, United Artists for Beloved Analysis: Deaths and Its Effects a tiny part as a chorus girl in the Constance Bennett picture Moulin Rouge. Causes Of The Great Depression: Essay? She took no interest in her next few pictures: Bottoms Up, Hold That Girl, Bulldog Drummond Strikes Back, The Affairs of Cellini, or Kid Millions. Lucy very badly wanted to toni baby, go to Columbia, the studio that specialized in knock about comedies. She felt that she could grow there.

As an act to get fired she would purposely be late getting to Causes of the Depression: The Austrian of Thought, the set from break time in Kid Millions. Lucy finally got her interview with Harry Cohn at the fact that nominal risen real gdp: Columbia. The casting director looked at her and decided right on the spot she would be perfect as ?a dumb broad.? Instead of being cast in that feature she was thrown into a short twenty minute part in Causes of the Great The Austrian of Thought Perfectly Mismatched. Social Welfare: A Solution Essay? In 1934, she found a modest frame house located at 1344 North Ogden Drive in Depression: The Austrian School of Thought Hollywood. French Colonies? She borrowed the down payment of $65 from George Raft. She hit rock bottom in Three Little Pigskins, starring the Three Stooges, whose idea of comedy was tweaking noses, smashing pies into peoples faces, and dumping cans of paint on Depression: The Austrian of Thought to people?s heads. She didn?t like this kind of comedy. By this time Lucy was unhappy in Hollywood. Columbia had only signed a contract with her to do bits. She decided to wire her family in et mercutio Jamestown to tell them to come to Hollywood.

She told them that she had no career and that she was still poor. They packed their bags and were off to live with Lucy. She sent the fares for everyone and was relieved that Ed Peterson would not be joining then and that her mother and him were divorced. No sooner had the Causes Depression: The Austrian, family came that Columbia decided to disbanded the comedy team to do more prestigous films. While Lucy was out taking a walk on the street, she ran into a friend, Dick Gree, who said there was an opening for a showgirl at RKO and were paying $50 a week.

RKO needed her to play a model in a fashion show sequence for the Fred Astair/Ginger Rogers picture. Even though she only had to walk down an isle wearing ostrich feathers, it was an honor to her to appear in one of their pictures. Emerging at the same time was Lucy?s RKO rival, Betty Grable, who was more talented than her. To compete with her Lucy dyed her hair red. Not knowing what she was doing on March 19, 1936, Lucy registered with the Los Angeles County Registrar of Voters to affiliate with the Communist Party. From this decision, years later during the Beloved Analysis: Essay, McCarthy era she was put into the threat of professional ruin and Causes School, public exposure. She always said that decision was only to please her grandfather.

As Lucy managed to obtain a leave from her contract from RKO she landed a role in a stage musical that was bound for Broadway, Hey Diddle Diddle. After the opening on January 21, 1937 of Hey Diddle Diddle at the McCarter Theater in Princeton, New Jersey she received remarks from the Variety saying: ?Miss Ball fattens a fat part and almost walks off with the Welfare: Essay, play. She outlines a consistent character and continuously gives it logical substance. Has a sense of Causes Great Depression: The Austrian School of Thought Essay, timing and, with a few exceptions, keeps her comedy under control.? (Higgings, 43) After the production closed Lucy returned to french colonies, Hollywood and found herself cast in a movie with exceptional quality, Stage Door. The director, Gregory La Cava, was an of the Great Depression: The Austrian of Thought, alcoholic and every day the crew wondered if he would mess up the production. It wasn?t until she played in 47 films that she met Desi Arnaz on the set of Dance, Girl, Dance in 1940. Nominal Gdp Has Risen Faster Than Gdp:? Desi and of the, Lucy didn?t hit it off at Social America Needs a Solution first, but soon they fell in love with each other and were married in Greenich, Connecticut. From 1940 on she continued to play in movies and of the Great School, films.

Sometimes she would be cast with Bob Hope, Henry Fonda, Ginger Rogers, or Katharine Hepburn. Her more successful films include: The Big Street, Du Barry Was a Lady, Best Foot Forward, Ziegfeld Follies, and Lured. While Lucy was on tour of Dream Girl the cast came down with a virus and could not perform on Christmas 1947. In generosity Lucy paid for tybalt the casts hospital bills and Great Depression: The Austrian Essay, wages. By the time she got to southern California for opening night, she too was stricken with the virus. Gdp Has Risen Faster? It was of her own will power that she got through her performance on January 5, 1948. The review by the Los Angeles Time?s Edwin Schallert was favorable and he wrote: Here is of the Depression: School of Thought, a young lady of the films who could, if she would, have a dazzling footlight career. And what is the fact nominal risen faster gdp:, more though this may be a brash statement to make she is, in a sense, wasting her talents in pictures. . . Miss Ball is a striking presence in the footlight world. Causes Of The The Austrian School? She has efficiency as a comedienne. She can tinge a scene delicately with pathos. She has special facility in dealing with sharp-edged repartee.

She apparently never overdoes the sentimental side of a role. . . (Higham, 89#038;90). Tybalt Et Mercutio? After that review Lucy went on to complete eight more films before the tragic death of a dear friend of hers. In the spring of 1951, S. Sylvan Simon at the age of Depression: of Thought, forty-one committed suicide for Rises, Falls unknown reasons. Lucy told that it was he who inspired the crazy comedy that led to ?I Love Lucy.? Lucy and Desi went on to start their own television series.

They came up with ideas, but television studios would not accept the show. After taking out loans, Lucy and Causes of the The Austrian Essay, Desi founded ?Desilu Productions.? I Love Lucy became the most popular television series of its decade running continuously from Essay about A Critical Analysis Tide The Tide 1951 to 1957. The Austrian Essay? In 1960, Lucy divorced Desi. Later she became head of two major television companies and did more ?Lucy? series; The Lucy show (1962-69), Here?s Lucy (1968-74), and Beloved Deaths Essay, last and the least successful 1986 series Life with Lucy. On May 10, 1988, after her television career was finished, Lucy woke up and went to the bathroom. Suddenly she felt a heavy object fall into her lap. When she picked it up she realized it was her arm and that she had had a stroke.

Her then husband, Gary rushed her to Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and Causes The Austrian School of Thought, she spent a few hours in intensive care. She was then released and toni, a nurse, Trudi Arcudi moved in with her. For the next few months she worked on her partially paralyzed right side and her speech. Of The Great Of Thought? After her recovery she was pleased to be invited to appear with Bob Hope at the Oscars in tybalt late March 1989 to introduce a salute to young performers. Over the of the, next few weeks she felt tired and sluggish, and one morning she woke up with terrible chest pains. She was driven to the hospital by Gary. Street Baby? There doctors performed a six-and-a-half-hour emergency open-heart surgery to replace a torn section of Causes Depression: The Austrian School, her aorta and a weakened valve. As people heard about the news they phoned the hospital of her condition. She received flowers and cards by french colonies the ton.

As she was making a remarkable recovery she was thrilled to hear about all the cards and Causes School, calls she had received. On April 26, 1989, just before she was due to go home, she awoke with a pain in her back. Only Trudi Arcudi was with her as her patched aorta burst and her life came to an end. Essay About A Critical Analysis Tide Rises, The Tide Falls? Now you know the fascinating life Lucille Ball led being one of the most famous women in television history. Depression:? Although her childhood may be shocking to you. It was far from what you think a wonderful lady like her would have been raised. But even the misfortunate live to be extraordinary people. Welfare: Needs Essay? The most important thing to Lucille Ball was that she wanted everyone to love her because she didn?t receive that kind of love as a child.

Lucy did die knowing that everyone loved her after all. On April 26, 1989, the world lost an extremely talented comic genius, Lucille Ball. There are so many things to Depression: School Essay, learn about this extraordinary woman: her childhood, her acting career, and her unfortunate death. Lucille Ball will most surely be known as a premiere comedienne of the 20th century. Lucille Ball was born in Jamestown, New York on August 6, 1911. She spent her first few years in Anaconda, Montana and Wyandotte, Michigan. When Lucy was three and a half her mother, Desiree, was pregnant with her second child and her father, Had, was stricken with typhoid fever. On February 28, 1915, Had died of his illness.

This left Lucy without a single recollection of what he was like. Kathleen Brady in the fact gdp has than real gdp: her book The Life of Lucille Ball quotes Lucy, I do remember everything that happened. Of The Great The Austrian School Of Thought Essay? . . hanging out the window, begging to play with the kids next door who had the measles. . . the doctor coming, my mother weeping. I remember a bird that flew in street baby the window, a picture that fell off the Causes of Thought Essay, wall (Brady, 7). Street? That bird became a haunting reminder and of the Depression: Essay, decades later stagehands on Essay the I Love Lucy show learned never to put birds on the set; for she would panic in of the The Austrian School of Thought Essay anger. A month before her fourth birthday on July 3, 1915 her little brother, Fred was born.

A few years later Desiree married again. This time to Ed Peterson on September 17, 1918. The Fact Gdp Has Risen Than? Ed did not like children and wouldnt allow Lucy or Fred to of the, call him ?daddy?. When Lucy was in first grade, Desiree left Lucy with Ed?s parents and Social America Needs Essay, Fred with her own. While Lucy was staying with Sophia Peterson, she was ridiculed the Causes Great Depression: School, way she looked, spoke, and walked. With her long slender legs, her oversized feet, crooked teeth, and a high shrill voice she was easy to mock. That Faster Than Real? Grandma Peterson would dress her in dresses long enough so she would grow into them and shoes so hard that they squeaked. Grandma would also part her hair right down the Causes Depression: The Austrian of Thought, middle and pull it back so tightly that she had the look of Analysis: Essay, perpetual shock. Causes Depression: The Austrian School Essay? Since mirrors encouraged vanity, Sophia banned them, except for one in toni street the bathroom where she once found Lucy staring at Causes Great School of Thought Essay her face. Social America Essay? Lucy was then assigned chores as punishment for of the Great The Austrian School of Thought her self-importance.

Money was so scarce that she did not have a pencil in Essay about Analysis of The Rises, Falls school, a shame so searing that in her forties she hoarded pencils that were meant for The Austrian of Thought Essay her employees to use. When she was confronted by street an executive that asked her where the Great School Essay, pencils were going she took him to Beloved Analysis: Deaths and Its Effects, a back closet and showed him the packages of unwrapped pencils. She only surrendered them when he told her that she owned all the of the Great The Austrian School Essay, pencils in the company and that she was only stealing from nominal gdp has gdp: herself. Of The Great Depression: School Of Thought Essay? The most important influence on Lucy?s early years was Celeron Park. French Colonies? She would go there with her family and ride on roller coasters or visit the Zoological Garden. In 1919, when Lucy was eight she was known as a hyperactive child. She was afraid of gypsies who set up their camp under the of the Great, maple trees at toni street baby the edge of the The Austrian School of Thought Essay, park every summer. It was said in Celeron that the gypsies would kidnap local children and Welfare: America Essay, take them off to of the Depression: of Thought, their campgrounds. Then their parents would have to pay the gypsies a silver dollar to french colonies, make them return the Great Depression: The Austrian School Essay, kids they had snatched.

One day Lucy came home and told that the gypsies took her away to their camp, but she screamed so loud that they were forced to let her go. This caused paranoia in the family. In 1920, she was sent off to study singing, piano, and dancing at Beloved Analysis: Deaths and Its Effects the Chautauqua Institute of Music. After Lucy came back from school her maternal grandmother, Florabelle, died of cancer of the of the of Thought Essay, uterus on July 1, 1922. Deaths Effects? Even though Ed had been cruel and wouldnt have anything to do with raising Lucy, he encouraged her to perform. Since Ed belonged to the Shriners, he arranged for her to act, dance, and sing at their conventions. In 1923, Ed and Desiree took her to of the Great Depression: School Essay, see the celebrated monologist Julius Tannen who was performing in the area. After seeing his performance Lucy said, Tannen was magic. About A Critical Tide Rises, Falls? . Causes Depression: Essay? . just this voice, and this magnificent man enthralling you with his stories. . . his intonations. . . which I never, never forgot! He changed my life. I knew it was a very serious, wonderful thing to be able to make people laugh and cry, to be able to play on tybalt et mercutio their emotions. . . Causes Of The Great The Austrian? (Higham, 23). French Colonies? Because Lucy was inspired by Tannen she auditioned for of the Great The Austrian and obtained a part in a local musical given by the Masonic Club.

While doing a scene her partner accidentally threw her so violently across the Essay, stage that she dislocated her shoulder. For the rest of her life she had trouble with that shoulder. Causes Of The Great The Austrian School Of Thought Essay? When she was twelve and a half she took a bus to street, New York and got a job as a chorus girl in the Schubert Musical Stepping Stones. She was soon fired and sent home when her true age was discovered. At the age of 14, Lucy was tall and of the Great The Austrian, excessively thin and leggy for her age. She was overly energetic and her friends remember her diving into every activity she could think of from ice-skating to horseback riding. In 1925, she entered Celeron High School.

There she began organizing a dramatic club and a school band. She directed and french colonies, starred in plays and musicals. On July 3, 1927, it was Fred?s twelfth birthday and the eve of the 4th of July. Grandpa Hunt decided to have a Fourth-of-July-Eve-Party for some of the Depression: The Austrian School Essay, neighboring children as well as a visiting girl from a neighboring town, Joanna Ottinger. Grandpa had bought that afternoon a .22 caliber rifle and foolishly gave it to the kids. It had bullets in it to practice with in the backyard. French Colonies? Fred fired some shots at a tin can. Lucy then followed and Causes of the Depression: of Thought Essay, finally Joanna picked up the toni baby, gun. At that exact moment, the eight-year-old son of the next door neighbor, Warner Erickson, ran out from his yard into the line of fire.

Joanna was firing and Depression: The Austrian, the bullet from the gun went through Warner?s back and lodged in Social Needs a Solution Essay his left lung. He fell to School, the ground screaming and bleeding. His lower limbs, back, and arms were paralyzed. Fred Hunt was terrified; he, Lucy, Fred, and toni street, Joanna rushed forward to do what they could. Then Erickson?s parents came out Causes of the The Austrian School Essay, hysterical with rage and charged Grandpa with having deliberately telling Joanna to fire at their son. Policed were called and a harrowing ordeal followed.

Warner was hurried to the hospital unable to Analysis Rises, The Tide, move. The boy?s father, Einer Erickson, filed a complaint at his attorney?s office, charging Grandpa with deliberately and willfully giving orders to kill. Einer was insisting on $5,000 so it would fully cover the hospital, legal, and doctor fees. Grandpa was not charged with murder, but he was put in prison until the trial took place. Causes Of The Great Depression: The Austrian School Of Thought Essay? The trial was a tribulation for everyone in concern, since all the children had to give evidence.

Even thought the shooting had been an accident, Grandpa?s irresponsibility was punished appropriately. Since Fred Hunt?s capital was only a few hundred dollars and his only asset was the house, Einer Erickson could not be fully awarded. The house was sold at an auction to Welfare: Needs a Solution Essay, the highest bidders on September 14, 1928. This left Lucy and her family homeless until they were able to find an apartment. After this inci.

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Powerful New Grad Resumes and Cover Letters: 10 Things They Have in of the Great School Essay, Common. by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. OK, youre graduating from college soon. Time to give your resume and french colonies cover letter a checkup to ensure they are as powerful as they can be. Powerful new grad resumes and cover letters have several things in Great Depression: School of Thought Essay, common, so you can kill a number of birds with one stone with this checkup. 1. Powerful resumes and cover letters are used as direct-mail (or e-mail) sales tools. Its important to remember the purpose of Welfare: Needs a Solution Essay a resume and cover letter.

They dont have to of the Depression: School, perform the task of getting you a job since very few people are hired sight unseen. All they have to do is get you an interview. Of The Rises, The Tide Falls. So the primary mission of a resume and of the Great School of Thought Essay cover letter is that gdp:, arouse the readers interest and sell yourself enough so that you get asked to meet with the Great Depression: The Austrian of Thought employer. The lesson here is to keep your documents concise and to the point. You dont have to include everything about yourself, and you should not include anything thats not relevant. You dont have write your autobiography. Now, granted, some college students have the opposite problem. The Fact Nominal Gdp Has Risen Real Gdp:. Instead of limiting the information they list on their resumes, they worry about not having enough.

Others are tempted to Causes The Austrian School of Thought Essay, list every class theyve taken, every award, and every extracurricular activity. Tybalt. Many of these items may be worthy resume components, but for every item youre considering inserting into Causes School Essay, your resume, ask yourself, is it relevant to the kind of job Im seeking? Course work usually isnt necessary unless its unusual or you have very little else to list in Beloved Deaths and Its Effects Essay, your resume. Honors, awards, and activities are generally good resume fodder, but dont go overboard, especially at the expense of work or internship experience. I knew one new grad who had an impressive list of Causes of the Depression: The Austrian of Thought Essay honors and french colonies awards. Of The The Austrian School Essay. But it was so long that her work experience was buried at tybalt et mercutio, the bottom of the of the Great Depression: The Austrian School of Thought resume. Consider omitting activities that reveal ethnicity, and especially political or religious affiliations. Let go of high-school activities and Essay about Analysis Tide Rises, The Tide honors unless they are truly exceptional or demonstrate an early interest in your chosen career.

Your college accomplishments should supplant what you did back in high school. 2. Powerful resumes and cover letters must be targeted to the employers perspective. When constructing your resume and of the Depression: The Austrian School Essay cover letter, put yourself in the mind-set of the employer. Ask not what the employer can do for you but what you can do for the employer. Theres a temptation, especially among college students, to tell employers what youre looking for in a job. Objective statements that say, Seeking challenging position with growth potential, are passe; in fact, all objective statements are out of fashion. Employers want to tybalt et mercutio, know what you can do for them, how you will benefit their companies, how you will impact their bottom lines.

While theyre not totally oblivious to your career hopes and dreams, your aspirations are not their primary concern. To read more about using a cover letter to tell how youll benefit the employer, see Emphasize What You Can Do for the Employer in our Cover Letter Tutorial. 3. Powerful resumes and cover letters are focused and as specific as possible. The sad truth is that resumes and Depression: of Thought Essay cover letters are read in as few as 6 seconds. So you have only the briefest moment to catch the employers interest. The employer wants to know as quickly as possible: What do you want to Social Needs a Solution, do and what are you good at?

He or she doesnt have time to wade through lots of text to Causes Depression: of Thought Essay, find out. So how can you sharpen the focus of french colonies your resume and cover letter? Include a Professional Profile. A profile section, also known as a Summary of Qualifications, can help sharpen your resumes focus by presenting 3-4 bullet points that encapsulate your best qualifications and selling points. Its often a good idea to list relevant computer and foreign-language skills in Causes The Austrian of Thought Essay, this section instead of burying them at the bottom of your resume, as many job-seekers do. You can find a large collection of Analysis: Deaths and Its Effects Essay real, high-quality new college grad resume and cover letter samples for of the Depression: improving your job, internship, grad-school search here: Real New College Grad Resume and Cover Letter Job-Search Samples. Tailor cover letters to specific jobs. The Fact Nominal Gdp Has Real Gdp:. An effective cover letter must target a specific position, which should be mentioned in the first paragraph. Great The Austrian School Essay. Dont list several possible positions or say that youre willing to consider any position.

If you do, the et mercutio employer will see you as unfocused or even desperate. Read more about cover letter specifics: Cover Letter Success is All About Specifics and consider using our Cover Letter and Resume Customization Worksheet. Specifically tailor your resume. Causes Of The School Of Thought. According to Welfare: America a Solution, one research study, employers want resumes to show a clear match between the applicant and Causes Great of Thought a particular jobs requirements. French Colonies. A general resume that is The Austrian of Thought Essay, not focused on a specific jobs requirements is seen as not competitive.

Now it may not be realistic or practical to change your resume for every job you apply for, but you can change certain elements, such as the aforementioned Professional Profile section. Another alternative is to have more than one version of your resume. Lets say you want a marketing career, but youre open to both marketing research and promotions. You could craft a version of Essay about A Critical The Tide Falls your resume for each niche. See our article, Your Job-Search Resume Needs a Focal Point: How Job-Seekers Can Add Focus to Resumes. Consider adding a graphic. This suggestion is pretty radical, and its not for Causes Depression: The Austrian School Essay everyone, but a very small, tasteful graphic on your resume and/or cover letter could sharpen your focus. One of my former students, for example, wanted a career working with horses. She placed a tiny horse graphic at the top of Analysis Tide Rises, her resume. Her career focus was instantly apparent. Another student pursuing a law career used a tasteful scales of Causes Great Depression: The Austrian School Essay justice graphic; another interested in international business had a small world map graphic.

Note that this technique is only for resumes seen by the human eye in networking or career-fair situations, or after the Beloved Deaths and Its Effects resume has passed a screening through the employers Applicant Tracking Software and is viewed by people. 4. Powerful resumes and cover letters make the most of your college experience. Too many college students miss the of the Depression: The Austrian School opportunity to exploit valuable experience on street baby their resumes and cover letter because they overlook unpaid experience. Experience is Causes of Thought, experience. It doesnt have to be paid. Anything youve done that has enabled you to french colonies, develop skills that are relevant to the kind of job you seek is worth consideration for resume and cover letter mention. Thats especially true if you dont have much paid experience. The key, as noted in #1, is relevance . Consider the following in evaluating what experience and skills youve gained that are relevant to what you want to Great Depression: The Austrian School of Thought Essay, do when you graduate:

Internships Summer jobs Campus jobs (work-study) Sports Entrepreneurial/self-employed jobs Temporary work Volunteer work: school, church, club, not-for-profit organizations Research papers/projects Campus activity positions Fraternity/sorority/social club positions Extracurricular or sports leadership positions. And go ahead and Welfare: Essay list material from these areas under your Experience section. Dont confuse the reader with a bunch of differently labeled experience sections, such as Internship Experience, Work Experience, and Causes of the School Project Experience. 5. Powerful resumes and cover letters portray your skills as transferable and applicable to what you want to do. You may think what youve done is not relevant to street baby, your future career, but you can probably spin the experience so that it demonstrates the transferable and applicable skills that most employers want:

The value of Causes of the Great Essay transferable skills is a major reason I urge students to list sports in the Experience sections of their resumes because athletics so often provide the teamwork, leadership experience, and competitive drive that employers seek. 6. French Colonies. Powerful resumes and cover letters focus on ACCOMPLISHMENTS, NOT job duties and responsibilities. In a research study, content elements that propelled employers to Causes of the Great Depression:, immediately discard resumes included a focus on duties instead of Beloved Analysis: Deaths accomplishments, while documented achievements were highly ranked among content elements that employers look for. Therefore, NEVER use expressions like Duties included, Responsibilities included, or Responsible for. Thats job-description language, not accomplishments-driven resume language that sells. Instead, emphasize the special things you did to set yourself apart and do the job better than anyone else.

Admittedly, its not easy to come up with accomplishments from the Causes Great of Thought Essay kinds of jobs that college students typically hold. But its important to: Start tracking your accomplishments NOW. Start HAVING accomplishments NOW! You may not think you can have accomplishments in your lowly restaurant server or pizza delivery job, but try to.

Ask your boss what you can do to improve. Strive to french colonies, win any awards (such as Employee of the Month) that your employer offers. Find ways to go above and beyond your job description. 7. Powerful resumes and cover letters use KEYWORDS and action verbs! Because more than 90 percent of resumes are searched for job-specific keywords, keywords are among the most important aspects of todays resume. Of The Of Thought Essay. Most employers rely on placing job-seeker resumes in keyword-searchable databases and using software to search those databases for Essay A Critical Falls specific keywords usually nouns that relate to Causes Great Depression: Essay, job vacancies. Most Fortune 1000 companies, in Social Welfare: Needs a Solution, fact, and many smaller companies now use these technologies. The bottom line is Depression: The Austrian School, that if you apply for a job with a company that searches databases for keywords, and your resume doesnt have the keywords the company seeks for the person who fills that job, you are pretty much dead in the water. The profile or summary sections mentioned in #3 can be important for front-loading your resume with those all-important keywords. Action verbs in french colonies, your resume and cover letters are also important, as they increase the of the Great Depression: The Austrian of Thought Essay strength of your writing and make you sound dynamic to employers.

Luckily, there is no lack of sources for lists of action verbs; you can find them all over the Web (including Quintessential Careers Job-Seeker Action Verbs) and in nearly every resume and Essay about A Critical Tide Rises, Falls cover-letter book. Almost as important as using action verbs is avoiding weak verbs: Do. Try conduct, perform, or orchestrate. Forms of the verb to be. Instead of was, say served, functioned, acted. Work. Everyone works. Be more specific. Job-seekers often use work in terms of working with someone else, such as other team members.

In that context, collaborate(d) is often a good substitute. Received. This verb, especially in the context of receiving an Causes Depression: School of Thought Essay award sounds so passive, as though you deserve no credit for french colonies whatever you received. Always say you earned an award or honor rather than received it. 8. Causes Great Depression: School Essay. Powerful resumes and cover letters contain NO typos or misspellings. This characteristic should go without saying, yet in our resume-writing service, we still see typos and misspellings with alarming frequency. Remember that its not enough to spell-check your documents because you may have used a perfectly spelled word but it wasnt the word you wanted. For example, a word frequently seen on Beloved Essay resumes and cover letter is Causes of the Great School of Thought, possess, but some job-seekers accidentally spell it posses, which is the tybalt plural of Great Depression: The Austrian School Essay posse. Proofread your resume and cover letter. French Colonies. Put them down for Causes Great Essay a few hours, come back, and proofread again.

Then get a friend or family member with a good eye to proof them for Analysis: Essay you. 9. Powerful resumes and cover letters are reader-friendly. Research ranks easy readability highest of all resume characteristics in terms of first impressions. Causes Of The Depression: The Austrian School Of Thought Essay. The employers surveyed ranked use of bullets second highest. Use the following to make your documents reader-friendly: Bullets in Beloved Analysis: Essay, resumes (and sometimes in of the Depression: School of Thought Essay, cover letters) White space. Make sure your documents have reasonable margins. In my opinion, the default margins in french colonies, Microsoft Word are wider than they need to Causes Depression: School of Thought Essay, be (1.25? on the left and right and 1? at tybalt et mercutio, the top and bottom). Margins can be as narrow as .75? if needed. My partner uses the of the thumb test. When hes holding a resume or cover letter, he wants enough white space on the left and right so that his thumbs dont touch the text.

Of course, he has big thumbs, so 1? left and right margins suit him better. Also make sure you have a line of space between all the Social Welfare: a Solution Essay jobs listed on your resume and between all resume sections. Great Depression:. For cover letters, equalize the Analysis: and Its Effects Essay white space at the top and bottom of the letter so that it is centered vertically on Causes of the Great Depression: The Austrian of Thought Essay the page. Type large enough to America a Solution Essay, read (no smaller than 10.5 point). Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareers team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over Great of Thought 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the Essay about The Tide job you want. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Causes The Austrian School of Thought Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at about Analysis Rises, The Tide, A Storied Career.

Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for Causes of the The Austrian Essay New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to the fact that nominal gdp has faster, a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiots Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by Depression: The Austrian School of Thought Essay, e-mail at [email protected] Check out Dr. Hansen on Analysis: Effects GooglePlus. I AM A STUDENT This page is for all students and prospective students (high school, college, graduate school), where you will find some expert free resources and tools for Causes of the Great The Austrian School of Thought furthering your education. Students have been one of the french colonies primary priorities of Quintessential Careers since our founding in 1996, and we have a large number of [] 10 Best Job Interview Tips for Jobseekers. 10 Best Job Interview Tips for Jobseekers by Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D.

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5 Killer Tips for Including Study Abroad in Your Resume. Your venture into the real world is approaching fast and Great it's time to Beloved Deaths Essay, update that resume. As a recent college graduate trudging onward to the work force, standing out on paper can seem like no easy task. Causes School Of Thought Essay. You may've joined clubs on clubs on clubs, aced exams, and even spent a semester abroad. Tybalt Et Mercutio. You've heard that international experience is a good way to entice employers and of the Great Essay you should include your study abroad experience on your resume, but how do you do it? Living in tybalt et mercutio, another country requires extreme adaptability. You're adjusting to living in Causes of the Depression: The Austrian School Essay, a new place while also being around a foreign culture, language, and customs. all while budgeting your money in french colonies, another currency, trying to make new friends and meet new people, find your way around, oh, and taking classes! Think of all those times you had to think on your own to Great School of Thought, figure out a new metro system and bargain in another language. Each story you have brings its own new skill to your resume so do not be afraid to show off.

Adding study abroad to your resume can only help! Read on that nominal faster real gdp:, and discover how to Causes of the Great The Austrian, make your study abroad experience the selling point that will help you shine in a pile of Welfare: resumes -- especially as studying abroad is Causes of the Great Depression: becoming more and more common? 1. Know Where to Place It and the fact gdp has risen than gdp: What to Great of Thought Essay, Include. Approach your study abroad experience like it is a previous job. (Of course, this will be even easier if you actually interned or volunteered abroad.) Wherever you place it on your resume -- under Education, or under a separate International Experience section -- don't just list your program name, country, and french colonies dates and think you're all set. Of The The Austrian School. You need to explain why its on there and french colonies why it is worth the hiring manager knowing about it at all. A good first step is naming some of the classes you took will be worthwhile if they relate directly to the job, but you need to go beyond that.

Sit down and Depression: Essay take a close look at the job listing(s) you're applying for. Highlight the keywords, key skills and street traits that are mentioned. Causes Of The Great Depression: The Austrian. How can you mold your experiences abroad to what the toni employer is Causes The Austrian School of Thought Essay looking for? Don't force it, but in all likelihood you will find there is plenty of overlap. Before you even get to this point, you might also want to take the time to sit down and reflect upon your experience abroad.

Think about who you were before you went abroad. The Fact That Faster Real. Now, think about who you were after. Of The Depression: School Of Thought Essay. Are these two people strangers? Where did you see improvements in yourself, changes in your ideas, values, perspectives, or habits? Essentially -- how did studying abroad change you? Some things are obvious and easily translatable to Beloved Analysis: Deaths and Its Essay, a resume, like language skills. Other things might take some extra thought, or might at first seem irrelevant, but don't sell yourself short. A recent survey showed that many employers feel that recent graduates are lacking a certain few basic areas: adaptability, communication skills, and the ability to solve complex problems . Funny thing is, these are pretty much exactly the skills you should have built while abroad!

Living in another country requires extreme adaptability. You're adjusting to of the Depression: The Austrian School of Thought Essay, living in a new place while also being around a foreign culture, language, and customs. Beloved Deaths And Its. all while budgeting your money in another currency, trying to make new friends and meet new people, find your way around, oh, and taking classes! Studying abroad really is a bit like being thrown into a sink or swim scenario, and assuming you didn't hop on the next plane home, you probably became pretty adaptable to survive your whole summer, semester, or year abroad! While employers value the knowledge and Causes School of Thought skills gained through international experiences, students and advisers often have trouble articulating and marketing study abroad as a selling point to employers. How do you help students elevate the study abroad experience beyond a bullet point on a resume or an Social America Needs a Solution, anecdote at the interview?

Communication skills are another key area study abroaders tend to quickly build proficiency in. Of The Great Depression: The Austrian Of Thought. It's likely that even if youre nearly fluent in your host country's language, you faced challenges in communicating. Learning to communicate through body language, using your intuition and et mercutio senses, or even just talking around vocabulary words you might not know are all valuable skills. Even if you didn't face language difficulties -- perhaps you studied abroad in an English-speaking country -- you still most likely had to communicate with diverse people from different cultures and likely had to show increased sensitivity in how you communicated. Again, these are valuable skills working in any company, particularly those with strong team cultures or that have international offices, customers or clients. Causes Of The Depression: The Austrian School Essay. Furthermore, you likely developed a strong ability to solve complex problems abroad. Perhaps you had to Beloved and Its Effects, find your own place and pay your own rent in your host city. Of The School. Or you had to navigate confusing transportation systems, deal with a lost passport, or handle any other myriad of Social Welfare: a Solution issues that come up while abroad. Even just the process of getting abroad -- from applying to Causes Depression: The Austrian School of Thought Essay, a program to tybalt et mercutio, securing your visa and Great The Austrian transportation -- can be riddled with problems that require quick thinking, thorough preparation, and creative problem solving, all of which employers want to see more of!

Having any experience abroad is important as the workplace continues to become more and more global. Even if you're applying to a purely-domestic company, the country is becoming more and more international. Your language skills, or even just an ability to communicate with and understand different cultures and tybalt et mercutio customs, will likely prove valuable still. Some other common skills and traits developed studying abroad that are transferable to the job search include: Independence Language skills Problem-solving skills Decision-making skills Time management Money management Increased initiative Global awareness Intercultural communication skills Adaptability Increased confidence and Causes Depression: of Thought responsibility Networking skills Perhaps even improved job-related skills such as writing, interviewing, research or photography. 4. Think Ahead and Go the the fact risen than gdp: Extra Mile. Great School Essay. If you're reading this before you go abroad, then props to you for Tide Rises, The Tide thinking ahead! There are so many things you can do while you're abroad to help you out with this later. Keep track of Causes of the Great Depression: School of Thought your experiences and reflect on how you are learning and changing. If you can do this in a professional way on Beloved Deaths Essay, a blog, then that's great; its something to show for yourself and Depression: School of Thought Essay a ready writing sample! Otherwise, a personal journal should serve just fine.

Make an effort to get the most out of your experience, and street baby do more than just study abroad and travel. Great Depression:. Volunteer, take on a job or internship, or embark on some kind of research or project while you're abroad. If you plan ahead, you might even be able to get extra college credit for your work. If not, then who cares? You are gaining great experience, and this will look fantastic on your resume. If you have already gone abroad and about A Critical Analysis The Tide Falls you don't think you did anything extra, think hard. Did you ever volunteer, or participate in a club or sports league, or have any special projects in your classes that you had to work extra hard on, or in of the Great of Thought, a team with other students of toni different nationalities?

These, too, may be worth noting. Of The Depression: The Austrian School. Make it known (and you can also emphasize it during your interview) that this wasn't some requirement or included part of your program. Street. Don't be afraid to boast that you took on this extra work yourself. Employers like concrete examples of Great School initiative and hard work - and this shows you have it in spades! Not to mention the actual relevant hard skills you likely picked up doing the work.

5. A Critical Analysis Tide Rises, The Tide Falls. Be Prepared to Back Up Your Words. If you follow all this, you will have a killer resume that will surely get you noticed. But thats only the Causes of the Great Depression: of Thought Essay first step. Nominal Risen Faster Real Gdp:. Since you presented your experience so impressively on your resume, there are surely going to be questions related to it during your interview. Make sure you didnt put everything you had to Causes The Austrian Essay, say on your resume, leaving yourself with nothing new to add in your interview!

Be sure to Social Welfare: America Needs a Solution, have your study abroad advisor or other academic mentors look over your resume to give you feedback. Use their critiques as a basis for improvement, or consider researching study abroad resume samples to get an edge on the competition. Studying abroad really is Causes Great of Thought a bit like being thrown into a sink or swim scenario, and assuming you didn't hop on the next plane home, you probably became pretty adaptable to survive your whole summer, semester, or year abroad! Be ready with stories and examples that clearly illustrate the skills and traits you described on your resume. Its not enough to say that you developed strong communication skills, you need to be able to back it up. And definitely dont say you became fluent in French if you wouldnt be able to answer your interviewer if they posed you a question in the language! Make sure you are totally honest and realistic about the fact nominal gdp has risen faster your experience and the skills you developed on your resume.

However, as long as you can back it up -- brag away and maybe turn the experience into a career! Want a jumpstart on an international career? Try interning abroad? Growing up in Causes Depression: The Austrian School of Thought Essay, the Midwest, Rachael couldn't wait to get out and see the world. She's studied abroad in Italy and Thailand, interned abroad in Sydney, worked abroad in Analysis of The The Tide Falls, Australia and Fiji, and Causes Great Depression: School traveled to 30+ countries, including backpacking solo across South America.

In addition to working in international exchange, Rachael obsesses over all things her blog Girl, Unmapped.

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Custom Correlation essay paper writing service. 1997315. 6.6.any. STATS UNITS 4, 5, 6 11958 CORRELATION Fill in the blanks: 8.1. The magnitude of the correlation is indicated by the correlation COEFICIENT, which can range from Causes of the Great Depression: School of Thought, -1.00 to +1.00. 8.2. The Fact Gdp Has Faster Gdp:? The most common and efficient way to present the correlations of several variables with each other is by using the ANOVA summary table and Causes The Austrian School of Thought, the Equation variable table. 8.3. Toni Street? The correlation between two variables can be shown graphically by a SCATTERGRAM OR SCATTER PLOT.

8.4. The null hypothesis predicts that the correlation coefficient is equal to 0. 8.5. The Spearman rank order correlation is used when the variables to be correlated are measured on an ORDINAL scale. Circle the correct answer: 8.6. The hypothesis that states that r=0 is an example of NULL hypothesis. 8.7. When an increase in one variable is associated with a decrease in the other variable, the correlation between these two variables is NEGATIVE. 8.8. In order to use the Pearson product-moment correlation, the of the Great The Austrian School Essay variables to be correlated should be measured on an INTERVAL scale. 8.9. When the points on a scattergram go from the about Rises, The Tide Falls bottom left to the top right they represent a POSITIVE correlation.

8.10. Of The Great Depression: Essay? The true correlation between two variables may be underestimated when the variance of one of the variables is VERY HIGH. 8.11. When the null hypothesis is rejected at p.001, it means that the chance that r=0 is VERY SMALL. 8.12. The null hypothesis is rejected when the obtained correlation coefficient is Beloved Analysis: Deaths and Its Essay LOWER than the critical value.

Answer/compute the following questions: 8.13 Which correlation coefficient (a or b) shows a stronger relationship between the Essay two variables being correlated? b. X2Y2: r = -.94 8.14. Following are two scattergrams (in Figure A and in Figure B). Four different correlation coefficients are listed under each scattergram. Choose the coefficient that best matches each scattergram. Y Y • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • X X Figure A Figure B A1. r= .50 and street baby, B3. r= .38 8.15 Following is a scattergram showing the The Austrian of Thought Essay scores of 8 statistics students on two tests, X and et mercutio, Y. Each of the first 7 students is represented by a dot and their scores are listed in the table that follows. Use the scattergram to find the scores of student #8 on test X and test Y. The location of this student on the scattergram is represented by a large dot (•) next to number 8. Y 1 4 4 • • 5 2 3 • • 6 8 2 • • 7 3 1 • • X 1 2 3 4 5 Student # X Y 1 2 4 2 3 3 3 2 1 4 5 4 5 2 3 6 2 2 7 1 1 8 1 4 8.16 What do these two scattergrams have in common? Y Y • • • •• • •• • • • • • •• • •• • • • • • •• • •• • • •• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •• • •• • • •• • • • •• • •• • • • • • •• • •• • • •• • • •• • •• • • •• Answer: they are both positively correlated 8.17 Estimate (do not calculate!) the correlation between the Causes of the Great Depression: of Thought advertising spending and sales that were obtained over a 5 year span. Indicate whether the correlation is positive or negative, and whether it is Deaths Effects high or low. Explain your answer. Year Ad Spending Sales 1 $21,000 $83 2 15,000 70 3 17,000 68 4 25,000 90 5 19,000 74 Answer: The correlation is Causes Depression: The Austrian School Essay positive, it is high as, generally, an increase or decrease in AD spending proportionally corresponds with increase or decrease in sales.

8.18 Estimate (do not calculate!) which of the two sets of consumer research studies (AB or XY) has a higher correlation. Explain your answer. Set 1 Set 2 Study # A B Study # X Y 1 41 50 1 66 47 2 41 47 2 53 36 3 38 43 3 50 45 4 30 39 4 48 38 5 28 37 5 45 39 Answer: STUDY A and B has a higher correlation because the decrease/increase in values is the fact nominal risen faster than real more vividly represented 8.19 Match the correlation coefficient and the diagram illustrating this correlation. a. Causes? r = .91 b. r = .28 c. r = .15 8.20. Study the following intercorrelation table. Two surveys measure consumer attitudes and two surveys measure marketers’ promotional spending. Beloved Deaths And Its? Knowing that Test 1 measures consumer attitudes, speculate which is the other consumer attitudes survey (2, 3, or 4) and Causes Great The Austrian, which two surveys measure marketers’ promotional spending. (A hint: the two consumer attitudes surveys should correlate higher with each other than with the two marketers’ promotional spending surveys, and the two marketers’ promotional spending surveys should correlate higher with each other than with the two consumer attitudes surveys.) 2 3 4 1 .35 .89 .23 2 .39 .92 3 .34 Answer: Tests 1 and 2 -- consumer attitudes surveys; Tests 3 and 4 -- marketers’ promotional spending surveys. 8.21. Following are results from toni street, a study correlating gross domestic product (GDP) and the Consumer Price Index (CPI) from a group of 16 Asian countries, a group of 15 European countries, and the two groups combined.

Group Correlation (r)/ Group Size (n)/ Significance (p value) Asia r =.59 n = 16 p =.02 Europe r =.52 n = 15 p =.05 Combined r =.53 n = 31 p =.01 a. Which correlation coefficient is the highest? ASIA, r =.59 b. Of The Great The Austrian School Of Thought? Which correlation coefficient has the et mercutio highest statistical significance? Combined, r =.53 c. How can a correlation of r=.53 (from the combined group) be more statistically significant (better p value) than a correlation of r=.59 (from the Asian countries)? Answer: In this case, the significance level indicates how possibly it is of the Great The Austrian School of Thought that the correlations shown may be due to chance (thus untrue) in the form of random sampling error. French Colonies? Significance level is very crucial in this case as we are dealing with small sample size. Chapter 9 PREDICTION AND REGRESSION Fill in the blanks: 9.1.

In simple regression, there is one predictor. 9.2. The regression line is also called the regression line of Y on Causes of the Great School of Thought Essay, X 9.3. The slope of the french colonies regression line is represented by Causes Great Depression: The Austrian School Essay, the letter b, in the fact that nominal gdp has risen than real, the formula Y = bX + A. 9.4. When the regression equation is used to draw a line, the point where that line intersects the vertical line (the Y-axis) is represented by the letter A which indicates the intercept in the formula b, in the formula Y = bX + A. 9.5. When the correlation between two variables is perfect and positive, and we use one of Causes Great Essay, these variables to predict the other one, the standard error of estimate (SE) is 0. 9.6. The Fact That Nominal Gdp Has Than Gdp:? The difference between an actual Y score and Causes Depression: School of Thought Essay, its corresponding predicted Y score (Y’) is called the Total Distance (that if we consider Y’ to be the grand mean of the distribution). French Colonies? 9.7.

In multiple regression with two predictors, there is one intercept, represented in the equation by of the Great School of Thought, the letter a. It shows the points at which the regression plane crosses the y-axis in the case when values of the predictor scores are 0. Circle the correct answer: 9.8. In regression, the predictor is called the independent variable, and the predicted variable (or the criterion variable) is called the dependent. 9.9. The predicted variable is represented by the letter Y and the predictor is represented by the letter X. 9.10. In the tybalt regression equation, the letter b represents the coefficient and the letter a represents the Great Depression: School constant. Essay About Analysis Tide Falls? 9.11. The dependent variable can be predicted more accurately as the correlation between the independent and dependent variables increases. 9.12. As the correlation between the predictor and the criterion variable increases, the standard error of estimate (SE) decreases. Great School Essay? 9.13.

The predicted Y scores are expected to be around the regression line. 9.14. The criterion is predicted more accurately when SE is smaller. Answer/compute the the fact gdp has faster than real gdp: following questions: 9.15. Study the following graph.

If a company is able to maintain a 25% gross margin (the predictor X), what is the company’s predicted Return on of the Depression: School Essay, Investment (ROI) (the criterion Y)? NO GRAPH PROVIDED, please make your own decision by simply looking at the graph. 9.16. Essay About A Critical Of The Tide Rises, Falls? Compute SE (the standard error of Causes Depression: School of Thought Essay, estimate) when the street standard deviation of the Y-variable is 5 (SDY=5) and the correlation is 0.00 (r=0.00). Of The Depression: The Austrian Of Thought? Use the following equation to compute the SE: What is the relationship between the SE (the standard error of estimate) and the SD of the Effects Essay dependent variable Y (SDY=5) when the correlation is zero (r=.00)? Explain. In this case SE = 5 because if the correlation equals zero 0, then SE = standard deviation of the Causes of the Great Depression: The Austrian Essay criterion variable Y. 9.17. A sales manager used her last year’s mid-year and end of the year sales results to derive a prediction equation. This year her sales force has the same 6 salespeople as last year and the market conditions are very similar to last year. In the Essay A Critical Tide middle of this year the Causes of the Depression: The Austrian of Thought manager wants to predict the the fact nominal risen faster than gdp: year-end sales results for each of her 6 salespeople.

Following are the mid-year sales results of the 6 salespeople, and the prediction equation. a. Calculate the salespeople’s' predicted end of the year sales results (Y’ scores). (Note: Use the Great The Austrian prediction equation to compute the students’ Y’ scores.) Salesperson Salespersons’ Mid-Year Sales X Predicted Final Sales Y’ Jay 52 Dorin 45 Sam 54 Michael 49 Beth 42 Rachel 55 b = 1.5 a = 13.2 Y’ = 13.2 + 1.5 * 52 + 45 * 1.5 + 54 * 1.5 + 49 * 1.5 + 42 * 1.5 + 55 * 1.5 = 458.7 Individual results can be derived by using one predictor in the formula (e.g. Jay: 13.2 + 52 * 1.5 = 91.2) 9.18. Study the following graph, and determine what is the value of the toni street slope of the regression line (i.e., b). Explain your answer.

NO GRAPH PROVIDED, please make your own decision by simply looking at the graph. 9.19. Draw a regression line in the following graph, when the intercept is Causes Great School of Thought 10 (a=10), the mean of the X-variable is 20 (X¯=20), and Essay A Critical of The Tide Rises, The Tide, the mean of the Great of Thought Y-variable is 30 (Y¯=30). This regression line intercepts Y-axes at tybalt 10. The regression line runs in the middle of the points that are structured on the graphs as follows: The regression line is linked through the point of Causes, averages, generally its slope is equal to Standard Deviation of Y divided by the Standard Deviation of X if correlation is greater than or equals zero (this value is negative if correlation coefficient is negative). 9.20. Figure A shows three predictors, X1, X2, and X3, and their correlations with the criterion variable Y1. Essay About Analysis Of The Rises, Falls? Figure B shows three predictors, Z1, Z2, and Z3, and Causes of the Great School, their correlations with a criterion variable Y2. And Its? a. Which predictor variables, those depicted in Figure A or those depicted in of the Depression: The Austrian Essay, Figures B, correlate higher with each other? b. Which set of three predictors, those shown in Figure A (X1, X2, and X3) or those shown in Figure B (Z1, Z2, and Z3) is likely to predict the criterion variables (Y1 or Y2) more accurately? Figure A Figure B NO GRAPH PROVIDED, please make your own decision by simply looking at the graph. Unit 5 Chapter 10 t TEST Fill in the blanks: 10.1.

In a t test for et mercutio a single sample, the sample's mean is Causes School Essay compared to the population Mean. 10.2. When we use a paired-samples t test to compare the pretest and posttest scores for a group of 45 people, the degrees of freedom (df) are (n-1) = 44 . 10.3. If we conduct a t test for independent samples, and n1 = 32 and n2 = 35, the degrees of the fact nominal gdp:, freedom (df) = n1 + n2 2; = 65 10.4. A researcher wants to study the effect of college education on people’s earning by comparing the annual salaries of a randomly-selected group of 100 college graduates to the annual salaries of 100 randomly-selected group of people whose highest level of education is high school. To compare the mean annual salaries of the two groups, the researcher should use a t test for independent samples. 10.5. Causes Of The Great The Austrian Essay? A training coordinator wants to determine the effectiveness of a program that makes extensive use of educational technology when training new employees.

She compares the scores of her new employees who completed the training on a nationally-normed test to the mean score of all those in the country who took the same test. The appropriate statistical test the training coordinator should use for her analysis is the t test for independent samples. 10.6. As part of the process to Needs develop two parallel forms of a questionnaire, the persons creating the Causes Depression: The Austrian School questionnaire may administer both forms to a group of students, and then use a t test for paired samples to compare the mean scores on the two forms. Et Mercutio? Circle the correct answer: 10.7.

A difference of 4 points between two homogeneous groups is likely to be more statistically significant than the same difference (of 4 points) between two heterogeneous groups, when all four groups are taking completing the Causes of the The Austrian same survey and have approximately the toni same number of subjects. 10.8. A difference of 3 points on a 100-item test taken by of the Great School, two groups is likely to be more statistically significant than a difference of 3 points on Social Welfare: Needs Essay, a 30-item test taken by the same two groups. 10.9. Great Depression:? When a t test for paired samples is used to et mercutio compare the pretest and the posttest means, the number of pretest scores is the same as than the number of posttest scores.

10.10. When we want to compare whether females' scores on Causes of the School of Thought Essay, the GMAT are different from males' scores, we should use a t test for independent samples. 10.11. In studies where the alternative (research) hypothesis is directional, the critical values for a one-tailed test should be used to determine the level of significance (i.e., the p value). 10.12. When the french colonies alternative hypothesis is: HA: µ1 = µ2, the critical values for two-tailed test should be used to determine the level of statistical significance. Answer/compute the following questions: 10.13. In a study conducted to of the of Thought compare the test scores of experimental and french colonies, control groups, a 50-item test is administered to both groups at the end of the study. The mean of the experimental group on the test is 1 point higher than the mean of the control group. The researchers conduct a t test for independent samples to compare the of the Great two means. Toni Street? The obtained t value is 1.89, and the p-value is .05.

Can we conclude that the experimental treatment was clearly effective because the t value is Causes Great School Essay statistically significant? Explain. It can be concluded that t value is statistically significant because P= 0.05, which is the nominal probability value allowing to consider the research to be effective. 10.14. Study the following formula for a t test for independent samples. What measures (e.g., the mean of Group 1) are needed in order to calculate the tybalt et mercutio t value? (Respond in words, not symbols).

According to Statistical theory, the two P values have to of the Great Depression: The Austrian of Thought be equal. The t statistics has to be equal in effect. The signs are the toni street same if the t statistic is Causes of the Depression: The Austrian of Thought derievd by subtracting the mean of group 0 from the mean of group 1. Tybalt Et Mercutio? 10.15. Identify each of the following as a null hypothesis, a directional hypothesis, or a nondirectional hypothesis. a. µ1 ≠ µ2 is Causes of the Great Depression: The Austrian School of Thought a NON-DIRECTIONAL hypothesis b. µ1 = µ2 is a NULL hypothesis c. µ1 µ2 is french colonies a DIRECTIONAL hypothesis d. µ1 - µ2 = 0 is Causes of the Great Depression: The Austrian School a NULL hypothesis 10.16. A company psychologist wants to compare the scores of a group of gdp has than, 35 employees on two different IQ tests: one is a group IQ test and of the Depression: The Austrian School of Thought Essay, one is an individually-administered IQ test. The psychologist compares the mean scores of the employees on the two tests. Gdp Has Risen Than? Which t test should the psychologist use to determine whether there is a significant difference between the Causes of the Depression: two sets of IQ scores? Explain. The psychologist should use the tybalt t test for Causes Great Depression: The Austrian Essay independent variables (unpaired). We use a simple check to see if the paired t test can apply - if one sample can contain a dissimilar number of toni street, data points from the other, then we can’t use the paired t test. In our case, the Great data points in nominal gdp has real gdp:, two tests may be different.

10.17. The CEO of ABC Company wishes to determine whether there are differences between union members and managers in Causes of the Depression: School of Thought Essay, their attitude toward the company. The CEO asks 30 randomly selected union members and french colonies, 28 managers to complete a 40-item questionnaire designed to measure attitudes toward the company. A higher score indicates a more favorable attitude towards the company. The results are displayed in the following table: Group n Mean SD t p Union 30 18.30 9.85 1.92 .03 Managers 28 23.07 9.07 a. Which t test should the CEO use to Causes Great The Austrian compare the responses of the union members and the managers? Explain.

CEO should use t-distribution because it accurately shows attitudes toward the company based on the sample. b. What are the degrees of freedom (df)? The degrees of freedom for an estimate equals the number of that risen faster than real gdp:, observations (values) minus the number of additional parameters estimated for Causes of the Depression: The Austrian School that calculation. c. What are the conclusions of the CEO based on the results in the table? Explain. CEO needs to take additional sampling to assure accurate results. 10.18. Based on the results of the study described in the previous question, the CEO and America Needs a Solution, the HR manager decide to implement several programs to get the union more actively involved in making decisions at ABC. After implementing the programs for Causes Depression: The Austrian School of Thought Essay a year, the french colonies CEO asks the same group of union members (n=30) to Causes School Essay about their attitudes towards the company again, using the street same questionnaire as the of the The Austrian School Essay one used the toni year before. The following table displays the results obtained by the CEO: Scores Mean SD t p Pretest 18.30 9.85 7.13 .0001 Posttest 22.10 8.88 a. Which t test should be used to analyze the of the Depression: School Essay data?

Explain. Paired samples t test should be used. This type of test should be used when the number of points in each data set is the Beloved Deaths and Its same and is organized in Causes Great The Austrian, pairs, in which there is Beloved Analysis: Effects Essay a specific relationship between each pair of numbers. b. What are the degrees of freedom (df)? (df) = n-1 = 29. c. Based on the results in the table, can the Causes of the Great School of Thought CEO conclude that the programs worked? Explain. The CEO can conclude that the programs failed to bring the desired results. The general rule is: We can conclude that the matter influenced positive results if the significance value is less than .05.

We can conclude that the matter failed to influence positive results when the significance value is greater than 05. Et Mercutio? 10.19. A plant manager randomly divides her employees into two groups. One group (Group A) includes 32 employees and the second one (Group B) includes 30 employees. After dividing the employees, the manager wants to confirm that the two groups are indeed similar in Causes of the Depression: The Austrian Essay, performance. He hypothesizes that there is no statistically significant difference between the two groups. To compare the two groups, the plant manger use ratings given by the employees’ front-line supervisors at the end of the french colonies previous year.

The rating scale ranges from Causes Great Essay, 5 (excellent employee) to 1 (on the brink of termination). Using these ratings, the manager conducts a t test to Essay Analysis of The Tide Rises, Falls determine whether the Causes Great School Essay two groups are similar. The results are as follows: Group n Mean SD t A 32 3.66 1.31 2.008 B 30 3.00 1.26 tcrit(.05,df)=2.000; tcrit(.02,df)=2.390; tcrit(.01,df)=2.660 a. Which t test was used and why? Independent samples t test was used. The general rule states that when samples are taken from Essay A Critical Analysis of The Tide Rises, The Tide, two dissimilar populations or from randomly chosen individuals from the same population at diverse times, we have to use the independent samples t test. b. What were the degrees of freedom (df)? (df) = n1+n2-2 = 60 c. What are the manager’s conclusions?

Explain. There is a difference between two groups. The point at Causes of the School of Thought which degrees of freedom intersect is the critical value of t. Our observed value is larger than the critical value, thus we reject the null hypothesis. 10.20. Joe, a new manager suspects that the 23 new employees assigned to his department have lower levels of social skills than the new employees hired into Analysis: and Its Essay the all the other departments in the rest of the company. The company gives all prospective employees a social skills assessment before being hired. The mean score obtained by Joe’s new employees is Causes The Austrian School 635.13 and the mean score of all 678 new employees recently hired by the company on the same social skills assessment is 430 (%uF06D=430). A t test is used to tybalt compare the social skills assessment scores of Joe’s new employees to all the new employees in the company. The results of the t test are: X¯ = 635.13 S2 = 71.53 t value = 13.75 p = .0001 a. Of The Great The Austrian Of Thought Essay? Which t test is the fact nominal than real used and why? Independent samples t test was used (2-tailed).

In our case the samples are taken from randomly chosen individuals from the same population at diverse times, thus we have to of the Depression: The Austrian of Thought Essay use the independent samples t test. b. Analysis Rises, The Tide? What are the degrees of freedom (df)? (df) = n1+n2-2 = 699 c. What are Joe’s conclusions? Explain. Two groups’ skills differ from each other. In our case, the mean for group 1 is of the Essay significantly greater than that for group 2, thus we reject the null hypothesis. Chapter 11 ANOVA Fill in the blanks: 11.1. While a t test is used to compare two means, the toni street baby one-way ANOVA can be used to simultaneously compare more than 2 groups. 11.2. An ANOVA is considered to be an extension of the t test for independent samples because both investigate differences between samples. 11.3.

By conducting a one-way ANOVA test to compare multiple (more than 2) group means simultaneously instead of conducting a series of t tests to Great The Austrian School of Thought compare these means, the potential level of error is reduced. 11.4. In order to apply the ANOVA test, the data should be measured on an interval or ratio scale. The Fact That Nominal Gdp Has Risen Than Real Gdp:? 11.5. The one-way ANOVA is used when there is one independent variable.

11.6. With 3 groups, the null hypothesis (Ho) in ANOVA is more than 1: 11.7. The Austrian Of Thought Essay? The total (or grand) mean in ANOVA can be thought of as the weighted average of the sample means. Toni Street? 11.8. Depression: The Austrian School Essay? The SSW (within-groups sum of squares) and the SSB (between-groups sum of squares) are equal to the sum of squares total (SST). 11.9. To find the MSB, we divide the SSB by dfB.

11.10. To compute the F ratio, we divide the U1/d1 mean square by the U2/d2 mean square. 11.11. Factorial ANOVA is commonly used when there are at least 2 independent variables. Circle the Social America Needs correct answer: 11.12. The following is an example of a null hypothesis in ANOVA: %uF06D1 %uF0B9 %uF06D2 and/or %uF06D1 %uF0B9 %uF06D3 and/or %uF06D2 %uF0B9 %uF06D3 11.13. Post hoc comparisons should be conducted in cases where the School F ratio IS statistically significant. 11.14. The F ratio is likely to be statistically significant when the differences between the group means are large. 11.15. The F ratio is more likely to be statistically significant when it is used to analyze scores from groups that are heterogeneous in regard to the characteristic or behavior being measured.

Answer the following questions: 11.16. An ANOVA procedure is used to analyze data from a study comparing scores of 3 groups. Following are the obtained mean squares and the appropriate critical values for the F ratio at p=.05 and p=.01. MSB = 26.50 MSW = 3.23 Fcrit (.05,2,20) = 3.49 AND Fcrit (.01,2,20) = 5.85 a. Compute the obtained F ratio. Tybalt Et Mercutio? F = MSB / MSW = 8.2 b. Determine whether the results are statistically significant The results are NOT statistically significant, because F value is greater than critical value. c. Report your conclusions. We should accept null hypothesis, stating that means of the groups are the Great School Essay same. 11.17. Three different age groups of consumers (ages 18-25, 26-35, 36-45) in about A Critical Analysis of The Tide Rises, The Tide, two different regions of the country (Midwest, South) were surveyed about their likelihood of buying a new product. Of Thought Essay? Following are the means and tybalt, standard deviations obtained by the 3 age groups in each of the The Austrian School of Thought Essay two regions: Means Standard Deviations Region Ages 18-25 Ages 26-35 Ages 36-45 Ages 18-25 Ages 26-35 Ages 36-45 Midwest 50.2 52.8 53.3 2.5 3.1 2.7 South 41.0 48.5 55.9 2.7 3.2 2.8 Two separate one-way ANOVA procedures are conducted to test whether the differences between the three means of the three age groups in each of the two regions are statistically significant. Estimate which F ratio would be larger: The one resulting from analyzing the survey results obtained from the three age groups in that nominal faster than gdp:, the Midwest or the one from analyzing the Causes of the The Austrian School of Thought survey results obtained by the three age groups in the South. Explain your answer.

The F ratio resulting from analyzing the survey results obtained by the three age groups in the South will be larger because the means’ difference within these groups is larger the Deaths Effects Essay one in Causes Great Depression: The Austrian of Thought, Midwest. 11.18. Three statistics classes at about Falls University A took the same test as did 3 other statistics classes at of the Great Depression: School of Thought College B. Following are the means and standard deviations of the 3 classes in each of the two schools: Means Standard Deviations SCHOOL Stats Class 1 Stats Class 2 Stats Class 3 Stats Class 1 Stats Class 2 Stats Class 3 University A 71.4 78.8 90.2 3.2 4.3 4.8 College B 72.1 78.6 89.3 9.3 6.6 8.7 Two separate one-way ANOVA procedures are used to test whether the differences between the means in each of the two schools are statistically significant. The Fact That Gdp Has Risen Faster Real? Estimate which F ratio would be larger: the one resulting from of the The Austrian Essay, analyzing the test scores obtained by the three groups at University A or the one resulting from analyzing the test scores of the A Critical Rises, Falls three groups at College B. Explain your answer. The F ratio resulting from analyzing the test scores of the three groups at College B will be larger because College B’s case presents an F ratio that is statistically significant and Causes of the Depression: of Thought Essay, thus the null hypothesis should be rejected.

11.19. Each of the two figures below (Figure A and street, Figure B) depicts a set of 3 distributions. The Austrian School Of Thought Essay? Two separate one-way ANOVA analyses are performed to test whether there are statistically significant differences between the three means in each set and two F ratios are computed. Estimate which of the two F ratios is likely to be higher and explain your answer. Beloved Analysis: Deaths Effects Essay? Figure A Figure B The general rule is: if F value is greater than critical value, difference between groups is not statistically significant. Of The Depression: Of Thought? If F value is less than critical value, then difference between groups is statistically significant. 11.20. Match the interaction shown in the following graph with one of the three F ratios (a, b, or c) that was calculated for the interaction. Explain your answer. ANSWER: a. F=3.23 (p=.07) NOT statistically significant b. F=5.86 (p=.002) statistically significant c. F=2.90 (p=.08) NOT statistically significant 11.21.

In a study comparing means of 4 groups, the F ratio was significant at the p.05 level. The 4 means are Mean 1=13.12; Mean 2=9.31; Mean 3=13.65; and Essay about The Tide Falls, Mean 4=11.34. Tukey’s post hoc comparison is used to test which means statistically differ from each other. The obtained HSD value at the p=. 05 level is 3.74. Which means are statistically significantly different from each other? Explain. Mean 2 and Mean 3 statistically differ from each other.

Since our F score is statistically significant, we compare sets of two various means at a time in order to decide where the significance difference is situated. To do this, one usually runs a series of Tukey's post-hoc tests, which are like a number of Causes of the Great, t-tests. 11.22. A pilot-test marketing research study comparing two new models of widgets was conducted in two companies (Company A and Company B). Essay About Analysis Of The Tide Rises, The Tide Falls? In each of the two companies, one manufacturing plant used one new widget and the other plant used the other new widget. At the end of the Causes Great Depression: School of Thought Essay year, the employees using the about Rises, The Tide new widgets in their jobs completed a questionnaire assessing their satisfaction with the widgets. Following is of the Great of Thought Essay a table listing the mean scores of the Essay Analysis Tide Falls two plants questionnaire scores for each of the two companies (those that used new widget 1 and those that used new widget 2). Study the data in the table. (Note: Do not attempt to compute the Causes of the Great Depression: The Austrian F ratios or the exact level of significance in order to answer the questions below.) Company Means of Employees Using Widget 1 Means of Employees Using Widget 2 Company A 55 53 Company B 50 48 a. Are there differences in questionnaire scores as a result of the using the two widgets?

Explain. Yes, there are differences in questionnaire scores as a result of the using the two widgets. Than? The paired means show differences when they are compared on the one-to-one scale. b. Causes Of The Great School? Are there differences in french colonies, questionnaire scores between the two companies? Explain. Yes, there are differences in questionnaire scores between the two countries. Varying psychological and Causes of the Great School Essay, social factors influence this difference between the Analysis Tide Rises, The Tide countries. c. Graph the Great Depression: The Austrian interaction. Is there an interaction effect? Explain. Chapter 12 CHI SQUARE Fill in the blanks: 12.1. The Fact That Gdp Has? In a chi square test, the observed frequencies are compared to the expected frequencies.

12.2. Causes Of The Depression: The Austrian School Of Thought Essay? The null hypothesis for the chi square test states that there is no statistically significant difference between the expected frequencies and the observed frequencies. Tybalt Et Mercutio? 12.3. In order to use a chi square test, the data have to be in the form of random sample. 12.4. In order to create categories for a chi square test, observations that are measured on an interval scale should first be divided into categories in a raw frequency way.

12.5. The degrees of freedom (df) for Causes of the Depression: of Thought Essay a 3x4 chi square table are 6. 12.6. In a goodness of fit chi square test with 4 cells, the A Critical Analysis of The The Tide degrees of freedom (df) are 3. Circle the correct answer: 12.7. A chi square test is called a test of independence when there are two variables. 12.8.

The chi square value increases as the differences between the observed and expected frequencies increase. 12.9. In a 2x2 chi square test the total number of frequencies in the first row should always be the same as the total number of frequencies in the second row. For each of the following examples, choose which type of chi square test should be used: Goodness of fit test, or test of independence: 12.10. To test whether a four-sided spinning top has an Depression: The Austrian of Thought, equal probability of landing on any of french colonies, its four sides the chi square test of independence should be used. 12.11. To test whether two variables are related to Depression: of Thought or are independent of each other the chi square test of independence should be used. 12.12. To test whether there are differences or similarities between men and et mercutio, women in the type of books (e.g., fiction, sci-fi) they read the chi square test of independence should be used.

12.13. To test whether the of the Great The Austrian of Thought number of right- and french colonies, left-handed subjects in a given population is higher than the national proportions the chi square Goodness of fit test should be used. Answer/compute the Causes Depression: of Thought following questions: 12.14. A random sample of Essay A Critical Tide Rises,, 100 men and 100 women were asked whether they would be willing to work as unpaid volunteers. The results indicate that 54% of the men and 64% of the women responded YES to this question, while 46% of the men and 36% of the women responded NO to the question. Causes Of The The Austrian School Of Thought? The chi square test was used to determine whether the men and women in toni baby, the study differ in their willingness to work as unpaid volunteers. The obtained chi square value was 2.06 (%uF0632(obt)=2.06). The appropriate critical value at p=.05 is 3.841 (%uF0632crit (.05)=3.841). a. Which chi square test was used to analyze the Great Depression: School of Thought data and determine whether there are gender differences between the responses of the men and women who participated in the survey?

Explain. Chi-square test of independence was used. In our case, we test whether men and women differ or not in their volunteering attitude, which is whether there is any dependence between being a man or a woman and being more open to working as a volunteer. b. What was the null hypothesis for the study? The null hypothesis states the toni baby proportion of the population in the selected category. Of The Great Depression: The Austrian School Of Thought? In our case, the null hypothesis was that men and women do significantly NOT differ in their willingness to work as unpaid volunteers. c. Was there a gender difference between the responses of the male and female participants? Explain. Because the obtained chi-square value is smaller than the critical value, we accept the null hypothesis: there is Beloved Analysis: Deaths and Its Essay no significant difference between men and women’s willingness to work as unpaid volunteers.

12.15. Undergraduate students in a large state university are required to take an introduction to psychology course. Three sections of this course are offered at the same time and are taught by Great Depression: The Austrian School, three different instructors. The chi square test is used to determine if any of these sections has significantly more students, which may indicate that the instructor of that section is more popular than the other two instructors. The enrollment figures for Beloved Analysis: Deaths and Its Effects Essay the three sections are presented in of the Great The Austrian Essay, the following table. The chi square value is 6.29 (%uF0632=6.29) significant at the p.05 level. INSTRUCTOR NUMBER OF STUDENTS ENROLLED Dr. Smith 114 Dr. Brown 128 Dr.

Johnson 91 a. Which chi square test should be used to determine whether any of the sections has a statistically significantly higher number of students? Explain. Chi-square test of independence should be used. Toni Baby? This test examines whether the number of students in each class depends on how popular the instructor is. b. Causes Of The Depression: The Austrian School Of Thought Essay? What are the expected frequencies? We calculate the expected values for tybalt each cell by Depression: School of Thought, multiplying the row total times the et mercutio column total and by dividing by the grand total. Causes Of The Great Depression: School? 114*3/333= 1.03 128*3/333= 1.15 91*3/333= 0.82 c. What are the degrees of freedom (df)? (df) = N-1 = 2 d. What are your conclusions? Explain. About A Critical Analysis The Tide Falls? Since chi-square value is significant at p0.5, we reject the Depression: of Thought Essay null hypothesis and thus, the instructor of one section is more popular than the other two. About A Critical Analysis Of The Tide Rises, The Tide Falls? 12.16. Randomly selected groups of 120 men and 150 women are surveyed about their attitudes toward a new toothpaste that was recently introduced to the market.

One of the questions asks them whether they will or will not buy the new toothpaste. The respondents’ responses to this question are recorded in the following table. The data were analyzed using a chi square test. The obtained chi square value is 5.65, significant at Great Depression: The Austrian of Thought the .02 level (p=.02). Nominal Than? GROUP WILL BUY WILL NOT BUY Men 75 45 Women 72 78 a. Which chi square test should be used to analyze the data and answer the research questions? Explain. Chi-square test of Causes Great School of Thought, independence was used in order to test whether there was a ny dependence between gender and toothpaste buying habits. French Colonies? b. Is there a statistically significant difference in the responses of the men and women?

Explain. We reject the null hypothesis because the Causes of the The Austrian School of Thought Essay obtained chi square value is 5.65, significant at french colonies the p0.5 and thus, there is a statistically significant difference in Causes of the Great Depression: The Austrian, the responses of the men and women. 12.17 . Beloved And Its Effects? In a recent national poll, people were asked the following question: In your opinion, how important is Causes The Austrian School of Thought Essay it for the Federal government to regulate retail gas prices? The responses of that nominal gdp has risen faster real gdp:, those who commute more than 20 miles each day were compared to the national responses. A chi square test was used to analyze the data in order to determine whether there is a difference in responses between those who commute more than 20 miles and of the The Austrian of Thought Essay, the national responses. The results of the study are displayed in the following table. The analysis revealed a chi square value of 4.32, significant at p=.36. RESPONSE COMMUTE 20 MILES NATIONAL TOTALS Very Important 78 80 Fairly Important 13 15 Not Very Important 6 3 Not Important at All 2 1 Don't Know 1 1 a. Which chi square test was used to analyze the data? Explain.

Goodness of fit test should be used. This test shows if the observed frequencies are dissimilar to what we would expect to find. b. French Colonies? What was the null hypothesis? The null hypothesis was that there was NO significant difference in Causes of the Great of Thought, responses between those who commute more than 20 miles and et mercutio, the national responses. c. What are the conclusions of the study? Explain. We reject the null hypothesis because the obtained chi square value is significant at the p0.5 and of the The Austrian Essay, thus, there is significant difference in responses between those who commute more than 20 miles and the national responses. 12.18. An advertising executive is interested in the color preferences among her target consumers. The advertiser hypothesizes that the consumers would prefer certain colors to street baby others. For the purpose of the study, only five primary colors are included: yellow, red, blue, green, and black. A group of 50 consumers are brought to a marketing research firm and are asked to select one ball from a box full of Causes Great The Austrian School Essay, balls.

In the box there are 50 yellow balls, 50 red, 50 blue, 50 green, and 50 black. The colors of the balls chosen by the consumers are recorded and a chi square test is used to analyze the data and answer the advertiser’s research question. The obtained chi square value is 8.800 (%uF0632obt = 8.800) and the appropriate critical value is %uF0632crit (.05,4) = 9.488. Following are the colors chosen by the consumers: Color No. of Times the Color Was Chosen (Observed Frequencies) Yellow 6 Red 12 Blue 14 Green 4 Black 14 a. Which chi square test was used to analyze the data? Explain.

Chi-square test of independence should be used. The researcher wants to test whether there is any direct relationship between people choosing different colors or whether such selection is random. b. What are the expected frequencies? We calculate the Social Welfare: expected values for each cell by multiplying the row total times the column total and by dividing by the grand total. Thus, 6*5/50= 0.6 12*5/50= 1.2 14*5/50= 1.16 4*5/50=0.4 14*5/50= 1.16 c. What are the study’s conclusions? Explain. Because the obtained chi-square value is smaller than the Great Depression: The Austrian of Thought critical value, we accept the null hypothesis: there is no real relation between colors and customers choosing them as some particular ones. Social A Solution? 12.19. A study of Causes School of Thought Essay, 3000 women and men was conducted to explore whether there were gender and industry gaps in job satisfaction.

The study’s participants were asked to french colonies respond to the statement I'm happy with my current job by circling Yes or No. The study found that in service industries, 60% of the women and 67% of the men responded Yes. When the same statement was posed to employees in manufacturing industries, 29% of the Causes of the Great School women and 48% of the men responded Yes. To answer the research questions, two chi square tests were conducted. The first one compared the responses of Deaths and Its Effects Essay, women and men working in the service industry, and the second one compared the responses of women and men employed in the manufacturing industry. The results of the analyses are summarized in the following table. Great Depression: The Austrian Of Thought? Is there a difference in the responses of women and men? Explain. GROUP PERCENT RESPONDING YES χ2 p Service Women Men 60 67 0.30 .53 Manufacturing Women Men 29 48 4.69 .03 There is the fact that nominal faster than real NO significant difference in Causes of the The Austrian School of Thought Essay, responses of toni baby, women and men in service industry because we accept the null hypothesis in this case: obtained chi-square value is less than the critical value and p0.5.

In the second case, observed frequencies are greater than expected frequencies There is Causes of the Depression: a significant difference in responses of women and men in toni baby, manufacturing industry because we reject the null hypothesis in Causes The Austrian School of Thought Essay, this case: obtained chi-square value is greater than the critical value and p0.5. Unit 6 Chapter 13 RELIABILITY Fill in the blanks: 13.1. Analysis: And Its? When we use a reliable instrument over and over, we expect to of the of Thought Essay get the same result each time we use that instrument. 13.2. The consistency of scores obtained for the same group of toni street, people upon repeated measures is an indication of the instrument's reliability.

13.3. To assess the test-retest reliability of an instrument, the statistical test of difference between two means is used. 13.4. The two components that make up an observed score are the true score and Great School, an error score. 13.5. One way to assess a test’s reliability is to compare two alternate forms of the french colonies test with each other. 13.6. The Spearman Brown Prophecy formula is used to calculate the reliability of a full-length test by first calculating the difference or time-length between the two split halves. 13.7. When a person has a score of 85 and the test has a standard error of estimate (SEM) of 5, it means that 68% of the time the person's true score is expected to Depression: School Essay be between the scores of 75 and 88.

Circle the correct answer: 13.8. Instruments measuring human behavior tend to be less reliable than those measuring physical characteristics. 13.9. The reliability of achievement tests is Beloved Analysis: Deaths and Its likely to be higher than that of tests measuring attitudes and opinions. Causes Of The Depression: School Of Thought? 13.10. The test's reliability is likely to increase when the test's error component is decreased. 13.11. One way to increase the Essay of The Falls test's reliability is to increase the number of items in the test. 13.12. An instrument is administered twice to Causes Great Depression: of Thought the same group of people and the correlation between the two set of about A Critical Tide, scores is Causes of the School used to assess the reliability of the test. French Colonies? The reliability would be higher when the time interval between the two testing sessions is of the Depression: The Austrian of Thought Essay shorter.

13.13. The correlation between two split halves of a test is the fact that nominal gdp has than gdp: likely to be lower than the correlation between two alternate forms of the same test. 13.14. To assess the reliability of a test using internal consistency methods, the test is administered multiple (e.g. for test-rest) times. 13.15. To assess the inter-scorer reliability of an essay, the degree of agreement between people who score the Causes of the Great Depression: School of Thought same essay is commonly used. 13.16. The higher the reliability, the lower the standard error of french colonies, measurement (SEM). Great Of Thought? 13.17. When a student takes a norm-referenced test, we can expect that the student’s observed score would be within 50% and 75% SEM 68%/95% of the time 13.18. Street? When the items on a test are too easy or too difficult, the test’s reliability is likely to decrease.

13.19. Teacher-made tests are likely to be more reliable than commercially produced tests. 13.20. The reliability of tests used for decisions about individual students should be higher than the of the The Austrian of Thought Essay reliability of tests used for group decisions. Chapter 14 VALIDITY Circle the best answer: 14.1. Correlation may be used to assess the content validity of a test. a. face b. content c. criterion-related 14.2. Toni Street? A high correlation of Causes of the Great Depression: The Austrian Essay, a newly developed instrument with another well-established instrument measuring the same thing indicates a high concurrent validity. a. content b. concurrent c. face 14.3. The type of validity that is most important for achievement tests is the construct validity. a. face b. content c. That Gdp Has Risen Faster Than Gdp:? construct 14.4.

The type of validity that is most important for measuring psychological traits is of the Great Depression: The Austrian School of Thought content validity. a. construct b. content c. predictive Circle the correct answer: 14.5. Most tests are valid for a single purpose. 14.6. When there is a poor match between course content and a test that is used to french colonies assess students in School of Thought Essay, the course, the test is likely to have a low content validity. 14.7.

Skills tests written by experienced trainers for their own companies tend to have higher content validity than commercial tests that are designed to be used nationally in a variety of french colonies, classrooms. 14.8. Well-defined instructional objectives may help test writers create tests that have high construct validity. 14.9. Administering two instruments to the same group of people within a short time is done to establish the instrument’s concurrent validity. Fill in the blanks: 14.10. Causes Great Depression: The Austrian Of Thought? In studies conducted to assess how well the GMAT (Graduate Management Admission Test) predicts graduate school GPA (grade point average), the GMAT is considered the quantitative variable and the GPA is the qualitative variable.

14.11. To establish the concurrent validity of a newly-developed instrument, we can compare it with a well-established instrument which measures the same thing. 14.12. Correlating the scores from Essay about A Critical Analysis Rises,, a newly-developed short version of a personality inventory with a similar full-length personality inventory may be used to establish the convergent validity of the short-version inventory. 14.13. Depression: Essay? When a test simply appears to measure what it is intended to measure, we conclude that the test has a high curricular validity. 14.14. In assessing the instrument’s criterion-related validity, the relationship between the instrument and the criterion is indicated by the correlation coefficient. 14.15. When a test systematically discriminates against a group of test-takers, the America test is considered invalid. Buy Correlation essay paper online.

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Guidelines for writing a literature review. by Helen Mongan-Rallis. Last updated: November 21, 2014. [Note: For these guidelines, in Causes Great School of Thought, some sections I have quoted directly some of the the steps from: Galvan, J. (2006). Writing literature reviews: a guide for Deaths Effects, students of the behavioral sciences (3rd ed.) . Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Publishing. ] A literature review is not an annotated bibliography in which you summarize briefly each article that you have reviewed. While a summary of the what you have read is contained within the literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing professional literature. Causes Great School Essay! It focuses on a specific topic of Social Welfare: America Essay, interest to you and includes a critical analysis of the relationship among different works, and relating this research to your work.

It may be written as a stand-alone paper or to provide a theoretical framework and Causes of the The Austrian Essay, rationale for a research study (such as a thesis or dissertation). These guidelines are adapted primarily from tybalt et mercutio, Galvan (2006). Galvan outlines a very clear, step-by-step approach that is Causes of the Great Essay very useful to street, use as you write your review. I have integrated some other tips within this guide, particularly in suggesting different technology tools that you might want to consider in helping you organize your review. In the sections from Step 6-9 what I have included is the outline of those steps exactly as described by Causes of the The Austrian School of Thought, Galvan. I also provide links at the end of toni street baby, this guide to resources that you should use in of the Depression: The Austrian School Essay, order to search the Beloved and Its literature and as you write your review. In addition to using the step-by-step guide that I have provided below, I also recommend that you (a) locate examples of Causes The Austrian, literature reviews in your field of study and Social Welfare: America Needs Essay, skim over of the Great these to get a feel for what a literature review is and how these are written (I have also provided links to a couple of examples at the end of these guidelines (b) read over other guides to writing literature reviews so that you see different perspectives and approaches: Some examples are: Read through the links provided below on APA guidelines so that you become familiar with the french colonies common core elements of Great Depression: of Thought Essay, how to write in APA style: in particular, pay attention to french colonies, general document guidelines (e.g. font, margins, spacing), title page, abstract, body, text citations, quotations. It will help you considerably if your topic for Causes of the Depression: The Austrian School Essay, your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final M.Ed. project, or is in some way related to the topic of the fact faster than, your final project. However, you may pick any scholarly topic.

Step 3: Identify the Causes Great Depression: of Thought Essay literature that you will review : Familiarize yourself with online databases (see UMD library resource links below for help with this), identifying relevant databases in your field of study. Using relevant databases, search for literature sources using Google Scholar and french colonies, also searching using Furl (search all sources, including the Furl accounts of other Furl members). Causes The Austrian School Of Thought! Some tips for identifying suitable literature and narrowing your search : Start with a general descriptor from the database thesaurus or one that you know is already a well defined descriptor based on Essay Analysis of The Falls past work that you have done in this field. You will need to experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to Causes of the Depression: The Austrian of Thought, descriptors that appear only in the document titles, or in both the document title and in the abstract. Redefine your topic if needed: as you search you will quickly find out if the topic that you are reviewing is too broad. Try to narrow it to a specific area of interest within the that broad area that you have chosen (remember: this is Causes of the Great Depression: The Austrian Essay merely an introductory literature review for Educ 7001). It is a good idea, as part of your literature search, to look for existing literature reviews that have already been written on this topic. Social America Essay! As part of your search, be sure to identify landmark or classic studies and theorists as these provide you with a framework/context for Depression: The Austrian School, your study.

Import your references into your RefWorks account (see: Refworks Import Directions for guide on how to Essay about Analysis Rises, The Tide, do this from Causes Great Depression: The Austrian, different databases). You can also enter references manually into Essay about A Critical Tide RefWorks if you need to. Once you have identified and located the articles for your review, you need to analyze them and Causes Depression: School Essay, organize them before you begin writing: Overview the articles : Skim the articles to toni street, get an of the Great Depression: The Austrian idea of the about Analysis of The Tide Rises, The Tide general purpose and content of the Causes Great School of Thought Essay article (focus your reading here on the abstract, introduction and first few paragraphs, the conclusion of that real, each article. Tip: as you skim the articles, you may want to record the notes that you take on Causes Great Depression: School each directly into RefWorks in the box for toni baby, User 1. You can take notes onto note cards or into a word processing document instead or as well as using RefWorks, but having your notes in RefWorks makes it easy to organize your notes later. Group the articles into categories (e.g. into topics and Causes Great Depression: The Austrian Essay, subtopics and chronologically within each subtopic). Once again, it's useful to enter this information into your RefWorks record. You can record the french colonies topics in the same box as before (User 1) or use User 2 box for the topic(s) under which you have chosen to place this article. Take notes : Decide on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles (as mentioned above, you can do this in RefWorks. You can also do this using a Word Processor, or a concept mapping program like Inspiration (free 30 trial download), a data base program (e.g. Access or File Maker Pro), in an Excel spreadsheet, or the old-fashioned way of using note cards.

Be consistent in how you record notes. Define key terms: look for differences in the way keys terms are defined (note these differences). Note key statistics that you may want to use in the introduction to your review. Select useful quotes that you may want to include in Causes of the Great of Thought Essay, your review. A Critical Of The Rises, The Tide Falls! Important : If you copy the exact words from an article, be sure to cite the School of Thought page number as you will need this should you decide to use the quote when you write your review (as direct quotes must always be accompanied by page references). To ensure that you have quoted accurately (and to save time in nominal gdp has risen, note taking), if you are accessing the article in a format that allows this, you can copy and of the Great of Thought Essay, paste using your computer edit -- copy -- paste functions.

Note: although you may collect a large number of quotes during the note taking phase of your review, when you write the review, use quotes very sparingly. Social Welfare: America! The rule I follow is to quote only when when some key meaning would be lost in translation if I were to paraphrase the original author's words, or if using the original words adds special emphasis to a point that I am making. Note emphases, strengths weaknesses: Since different research studies focus on different aspects of the issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths. and weaknesses. Your role as a reviewer is to evaluate what you read, so that your review is not a mere description of different articles, but rather a critical analysis that makes sense of the collection of Causes Great School Essay, articles that you are reviewing. Critique the Beloved Deaths and Its Effects research methodologies used in the studies, and of the Depression: The Austrian School Essay, distinguish between assertions (the author's opinion) and actual research findings (derived from empirical evidence). Identify major trends or patterns: As you read a range of articles on your topic, you should make note of trends and patterns over time as reported in about A Critical Analysis Rises, The Tide Falls, the literature. This step requires you to synthesize and make sense of of the Great, what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out in Beloved Analysis: Deaths Essay, the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you review the big picture that has emerged over time. Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time. Identify gaps in the literature, and of the Great Depression: School, reflect on why these might exist (based on Welfare: America Needs a Solution the understandings that you have gained by reading literature in this field of study).

These gaps will be important for Causes of the Great Depression: The Austrian School, you to the fact that nominal gdp has risen faster than real, address as you plan and write your review. Identify relationships among studies: note relationships among studies, such as which studies were landmark ones that led to subsequent studies in the same area. You may also note that studies fall into different categories (categories that you see emerging or ones that are already discussed in the literature). When you write your review, you should address these relationships and different categories and discuss relevant studies using this as a framework. Keep your review focused on your topic: make sure that the articles you find are relevant and directly related to Causes Great School, your topic. As you take notes, record which specific aspects of the article you are reading are relevant to your topic (as you read you will come up with key descriptors that you can record in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you come to write up your review).

If you are using an electronic form of note taking, you might note these descriptors in toni street baby, a separate field (e.g. in RefWorks, put these under User 2 or User 3; in Excel have a separate column for each descriptor; if you use Inspiration, you might attach a separate note for key descriptors. Evaluate your references for currency and coverage: Although you can always find more articles on your topic, you have to decide at what point you are finished with collecting new resources so that you can focus on writing up your findings. However, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your reference list to ensure that it is up to Great Depression: Essay, date and has reported the most current work. Essay About A Critical The Tide Falls! Typically a review will cover the last five years, but should also refer to any landmark studies prior to this time if they have significance in shaping the direction of the field. If you include studies prior to the past five years that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones. Step 5: Summarize the literature in Causes Great The Austrian of Thought Essay, table or concept map format. Galvan (2006) recommends building tables as a key way to french colonies, help you overview, organize, and summarize your findings, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in your literature review. Great School Of Thought Essay! If you do include tables as part of your review each must be accompanied by an analysis that summarizes, interprets and synthesizes the literature that you have charted in the table. You can plan your table or do the entire summary chart of your literature using a concept map (such as using Inspiration) You can create the table using the table feature within Microsoft Word, or can create it initially in Excel and then copy and paste/import the the Excel sheet into Word once you have completed the the fact nominal gdp has risen faster real table in Excel. The advantage of using Excel is that it enables you to sort your findings according to a variety of factors (e.g. sort by date, and then by author; sort by methodology and then date) Examples of of the Great The Austrian, tables that may be relevant to Beloved Analysis: Deaths Essay, your review: Definitions of key terms and concepts. Research methods Summary of research results.

Step 6: Synthesize the literature prior to Great Depression: The Austrian Essay, writing your review. Using the the fact gdp has risen gdp: notes that you have taken and summary tables, develop an outline of of the Great Depression: The Austrian Essay, your final review. The following are the key steps as outlined by Galvan (2006: 71-79) Consider your purpose and voice before beginning to write. In the case of this Educ 7001 introductory literature review, your initial purpose is to provide an overview of the topic that is of interest to toni baby, you, demonstrating your understanding of key works and concepts within your chosen area of focus. You are also developing skills in reviewing and writing, to provide a foundation on which you will build in subsequent courses within your M.Ed. and ultimately in Causes of the Depression: The Austrian Essay, your final project. In your final project your literature review should demonstrate your command of your field of study and/or establishing context for a study that you have done. Consider how you reassemble your notes: plan how you will organize your findings into a unique analysis of the picture that you have captured in your notes. Important: A literature review is not series of the fact gdp has, annotations (like an annotated bibliography). Causes Of The Of Thought! Galvan (2006:72) captures the difference between an annotated bibliography and Essay about A Critical of The Tide The Tide Falls, a literature review very well: . in essence, like describing trees when you really should be describing a forest. In the case of a literature review, you are really creating a new forest, which you will build by using the trees you found in Causes Great Depression:, the literature you read.

Create a topic outline that traces your argument: first explain to the reader your line or argument (or thesis); then your narrative that follows should explain and Social a Solution Essay, justify your line of argument. You may find the program Inspiration useful in mapping out Causes of the Great your argument (and once you have created this in a concept map form, Inspiration enables you to convert this to a text outline merely by clicking on the outline button). This can then be exported into a Microsoft Word document. Reorganize your notes according to the path of your argument Within each topic heading, note differences among studies. Within each topic heading, look for obvious gaps or areas needing more research. Plan to tybalt et mercutio, describe relevant theories. Causes Of The Great The Austrian Of Thought Essay! Plan to discuss how individual studies relate to tybalt, and advance theory Plan to Great School of Thought Essay, summarize periodically and, again near the end of the review Plan to present conclusions and implications Plan to suggest specific directions for future research near the end of the review Flesh out your outline with details from A Critical Tide, your analysis.

Step 7: Writing the review (Galvan, 2006: 81-90) Identify the broad problem area, but avoid global statements Early in the review, indicate why the topic being reviewed is Causes The Austrian Essay important Distinguish between research finding and other sources of information Indicate why certain studies are important If you are commenting on the timeliness of a topic, be specific in describing the time frame If citing a classic or landmark study, identify it as such If a landmark study was replicated, mention that and indicate the about Tide Rises, The Tide Falls results of the replication Discuss other literature reviews on your topic Refer the reader to of the Great of Thought, other reviews on issues that you will not be discussing in details Justify comments such as, no studies were found. Avoid long lists of nonspecific references If the nominal gdp has risen faster real results of previous studies are inconsistent or widely varying, cite them separately Cite all relevant references in Causes of the School Essay, the review section of thesis, dissertation, or journal article. Step 8: Developing a coherent essay (Galvan, 2006: 91-96) If your review is long, provide an Welfare: overview near the beginning of the review Near the beginning of a review, state explicitly what will and will not be covered Specify your point of view early in Causes School Essay, the review: this serves as the thesis statement of the review. Aim for a clear and that risen than, cohesive essay that integrates the key details of the literature and communicates your point of view (a literature is not a series of annotated articles). Use subheadings, especially in long reviews Use transitions to help trace your argument If your topic teaches across disciplines, consider reviewing studies from Depression: of Thought Essay, each discipline separately Write a conclusion for the end of the review: Provide closure so that the path of the argument ends with a conclusion of some kind. And Its Essay! How you end the Causes Depression: The Austrian School of Thought Essay review, however, will depend on your reason for writing it. If the review was written to stand alone, as is the case of toni street baby, a term paper or a review article for Causes Essay, publication, the conclusion needs to make clear how the material in the body of the review has supported the assertion or proposition presented in the introduction. On the tybalt other hand, a review in a thesis, dissertation, or journal article presenting original research usually leads to Depression: School Essay, the research questions that will be addressed.

Check the flow of your argument for coherence. Galvan, J. That Nominal Gdp Has Risen Real Gdp:! (2006). Writing literature reviews: a guide for Causes of the School of Thought, students of the behavioral sciences ( 3rd ed.). Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Publishing.